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Itching on the soles of the feet can be very annoying. If you feel this complaint, you should not just apply any ointment that is sold freely, yes. Not only is it ineffective in curing, the wrong treatment can actually aggravate itching on the soles of the feet
Itching in certain parts of the body that feels very disturbing is medically called pruritus. There are many things that can cause itchy feet, from insect bites, infections, allergies, to certain he alth problems.
To deal with complaints of itching on the soles of the feet effectively, it is necessary to first investigate what the causal factors are. After the cause is known, the treatment of itching on the soles of the feet can only be carried out appropriately according to the underlying cause.
Causes of Itchy Feet and How to Treat It
Itchy feet can be caused by several conditions or diseases, including:
1. Fungal infection of the feet
In addition to itching, fungal infections of the feet or tinea pedis usually make the skin of the infected feet red, scaly, dry, cracked, or blistered. A person can be susceptible to foot fungal infections if their feet sweat a lot or spend a long time in wet and damp places.
Fungal infections on the feet can be treated by using antifungal ointments or creams. For severe yeast infections, you may need an antifungal tablet or cream as prescribed by your doctor.
In addition to using antifungal drugs, the treatment of skin diseases on the feet can also be done by keeping the feet clean, drying the feet after washing, changing socks when they are wet, and wearing comfortable shoes.
2. Dry foot skin
Dry and cracked soles of the feet will cause discomfort, itching, or pain if dry skin has caused open sores.
There are several factors that can cause dry feet, namely cold and dry air, dehydration, frequent hot showers for too long, standing too long, using soap that causes irritation, and certain diseases, such as diabetes.
To treat itching on the soles of the feet due to dry skin on feet, you must first avoid the trigger factors. To treat dry skin on your feet, you can use a skin moisturizer regularly. You can consult a doctor to determine the right moisturizer for your skin.
3. Insect bite
Insect bites on the soles of the feet can make the soles of the feet itchy. In addition to itching, insect bites usually also make the skin red and bumpy. Generally, itching due to insect bites can subside within a few days.
However, to relieve the annoying itching on the soles of your feet, you can try the following simple steps:
- Clean the bitten area with soap and clean water
- Compress the insect bitten area with a towel soaked in cold water for 10 minutes
- Keep your feet higher than your chest to reduce swelling
- Avoid scratching the itchy or red foot area
- If the itching doesn't go away with other measures, you can use an antihistamine itch reliever.
If the itching on the soles of the feet worsens, does not improve within a few days, or is accompanied by symptoms of infection, such as pus, pain, and fever, immediately consult a doctor for treatment.
4. Mite infection or scabies
Mite infection or scabies is better known as scabies. This disease can cause several symptoms, namely a rash with bumps, scaly or blistered skin, and itching that gets worse at night.
Scurvy does not heal by itself. To treat itching on the soles of the feet due to scabies, mite-killing drugs are needed, for example permethrin ointment, as well as antihistamines according to a doctor's prescription.
Scabies is a contagious skin disease. However, the spread of infection can be prevented by washing bedding or sheets and blankets that have been in contact with sufferers using hot water and drying. Also, avoid sharing toiletries or clothes with someone with scabies.
5. Dermatitis on feet
Another cause of itching on the soles of the feet is contact dermatitis. Contact dermatitis is an allergic skin reaction that can cause skin symptoms of itching, redness, dry skin, and pain or soreness on the skin due to direct contact with allergy-triggering substances.
In feet, this allergy can be triggered by certain materials found in footwear, such as leather or rubber, chemicals in shoes, or decorations used in shoes.
The treatment of itching on the soles of the feet due to dermatitis can be done by staying away from allergy triggers, giving cold compresses to the soles of the feet for 15 – 30 minutes, and avoiding scratching the soles of the feet.
If these treatments are not effective in dealing with itching, you should consult a doctor for treatment. To treat dermatitis that causes itching on the feet, doctors can prescribe medications, such as corticosteroid ointments or creams and antihistamines to relieve itching.
6. Certain medical conditions
Itching on the soles of the feet, fingers, or backs of the feet can also be caused by certain medical conditions, such as liver disease, peripheral neuropathy, psoriasis, diabetes, and kidney disease.If you have a history of the disease and feel complaints of itchy feet, you should consult a doctor to get the right treatment.
How to prevent itching on the soles of the feet
Itching on the soles of the feet is certainly very annoying. To prevent this, there are several things you can do, namely:
- Clean your feet when your feet are dirty and dry your feet afterwards.
- Apply moisturizer on the feet after every shower
- Avoid wearing shoes when the feet are still wet
- Avoid the habit of scratching your feet
- Use comfortable socks, such as cotton or wool, and change socks whenever they get wet.
If you have applied some of the methods above, but the itching on the soles of the feet still appears, often recurs, or even gets worse, immediately consult a dermatologist to find out what causes itchy feet.
Once the cause is known, the doctor can provide treatment to overcome the itching complaint on the soles of your feet.