How to Overcome Anemia due to Excessive Menstruation

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How to Overcome Anemia due to Excessive Menstruation
How to Overcome Anemia due to Excessive Menstruation

A woman can experience anemia due to menstruation if there is quite a lot of blood coming out of her vagina every time she has her period. If not treated immediately, the anemia experienced can get worse and cause various complications

Every woman can experience different bleeding and menstrual patterns. There are those who experience regular menstruation with only a little bleeding, but there are also those who experience menstruation for a long period of time and bleed quite a lot.

How to Overcome Anemia due to Excessive Menstruation - Alodokter

In medical terms, the condition of the amount of blood that comes out of the vagina during menstruation is called menorrhagia. Women who have this condition are more at risk of developing anemia or lack of blood.

Relation between Excessive Menstruation and Anemia

Most women experience menstruation for 3–7 days. During menstruation, the amount of blood that comes out normally is about 30-40 ml per cycle. Bleeding during menstruation is also fairly normal if a woman only changes her pads 2 or 3 times per day.

Meanwhile, abnormal menstruation may last for more than 7 days with more bleeding than usual. This excessive bleeding can make you change pads more often.

If you often experience heavy bleeding during menstruation, this condition over time can cause blood deficiency or anemia. Excessive bleeding can also make you prone to iron deficiency.

Iron is needed for the production of red blood cells. If you have iron deficiency, the supply of red blood cells will also decrease. This condition can reduce the supply of oxygen to the body's organs.

When you are anemic, you may experience the following symptoms:

  • Easy to get tired
  • Pale skin
  • chest pounding
  • chest pain
  • Headache
  • Frying eyes
  • Shortness of breath
  • Cold hands and feet
  • Brittle nails
  • Appetite decreased

How to Overcome Iron Deficiency Anemia Due to Excessive Menstruation

To confirm the diagnosis of anemia due to excessive menstruation, you need to see a doctor. To diagnose and evaluate your condition, the doctor will perform a physical examination and supporting tests such as a complete blood count.

If the results of the doctor's examination show that you are anemic due to excessive menstruation, the doctor can provide the following treatment steps:

Improved diet

In order to meet the needs of iron, the doctor will recommend eating foods that contain lots of iron. Some types of foods rich in iron are:

  • Red meat
  • Fish
  • Seafood (seafood)
  • Beans, such as peas
  • Green vegetables, such as spinach
  • Egg
  • Whole grains or iron-fortified cereals

Providing additional vitamin C intake

So that iron can be absorbed better in the body, you also need to get enough vitamin C by eating fruits and vegetables that are sources of vitamin C, such as citrus fruits, kiwi, pineapple, tomatoes, strawberries, broccoli, spinach, cabbage and potatoes.

If you rarely eat foods rich in vitamin C, your doctor may give you a vitamin C supplement.

Using birth control pills

The birth control pill can be used to regulate the hormonal balance in the body, so that heavy menstruation can be stopped. In addition, there are several birth control pills that have added iron content, so they are good for dealing with anemia due to excessive menstruation.

If you often experience heavy bleeding during menstruation, especially if this has made you experience the symptoms of anemia mentioned above, you should immediately consult a doctor to get the right treatment.

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