Table of contents:
A person can sweat when exercising, in the heat, or in times of stress. Sweat is produced by the sweat glands to maintain a normal body temperature. However, not only for that, sweat glands also have many other functions
Sweat is a natural body fluid that contains water, s alt, and fat. The human body has three to four million sweat glands scattered all over the body. However, sweat glands are more abundant in certain body parts, namely the armpits, palms, and feet.
There are 2 types of glands that produce sweat, namely eccrine and apocrine glands. Eccrine glands produce sweat that is watery and odorless. These sweat gland ducts are connected directly to the surface of the skin and are most abundant on the palms of the hands, soles of the feet, and forehead.
Unlike eccrine glands, apocrine sweat glands are located in areas of the body where there are many hair follicles, such as the scalp, armpits, and groin. These sweat glands produce sweat that is more concentrated and contains fat.
Function of Sweat Glands in the Body
Sweat glands have several important functions for the body, namely:
1. Maintain body temperature
One of the main functions of the sweat glands is to maintain a normal body temperature and not increase too high.The reason is, when a person's body experiences an increase in temperature above normal (hyperthermia), then he or she can experience nausea, vomiting, muscle cramps, headaches, and even fainting.
2. Lubricates skin and hair
Sweat glands have a close relationship with the oil glands in the skin (sebaceous glands). Together with sebum or the skin's natural oil, the sweat produced by the sweat glands functions to lubricate and moisturize the skin and hair so they don't dry out and get damaged easily.
3. Remove toxins from the body
Toxins in the body will generally be excreted through feces and urine. However, there is an assumption that sweat glands also play a role in removing toxins from the body through sweat. However, this theory is still controversial and needs to be investigated further.
Although useful, sweat is often accused of being the cause of body odor. In fact, this is not true, because sweat is basically odorless.Body odor or bad odor on the body is the result of sweat mixed with bacteria on the skin.
Fortunately, body odor is not a difficult thing to deal with. Some simple methods, such as routinely cleaning the body at least once a day, using deodorant, and wearing clean clothes, can be applied to reduce body odor.
Sweat Gland Disorders
The body will generally sweat a lot when exercising or doing strenuous physical activities. In addition to physical activity, there are several other conditions that can also cause the body to sweat, namely:
- Being in a hot or humid environment
- Emotional conditions, such as anger, anxiety, anxiety, or even stress
- Consumption of spicy food
- Side effects of drugs, such as fever-reducing drugs
Sweat gland disorders are usually characterized by sweating too much or not sweating at all. Some conditions or problems that can cause the body to sweat a lot include:
- Hyperthyroidism or increased thyroid hormone
- Neural disorders, such as spinal cord injury, stroke, and Parkinson's disease
- Disorders of the heart and lungs
- Infections, such as tuberculosis, malaria, and HIV/AIDS
Meanwhile, the condition of the body that sweats less often or can't sweat at all, may be a sign of certain he alth problems, such as dehydration, hypothyroidism, the formation of scar tissue that covers the sweat glands (eg due to severe burns), neurological disorders, to leprosy.
Because it can be caused by many things, problems with the sweat glands should immediately be checked by a doctor, OK.
If it is caused by normal things, then the doctor may not provide special treatment to overcome the complaint. However, if the results of the examination indicate a problem with the sweat glands, the doctor will provide treatment according to the cause.