Table of contents:
- What Happens When You Have Diarrhea?
- Restore Body Fluids with Rehydration Efforts
- Help Prevention of Dehydration with Electrolyte Drink
Habits of random snacks can have a bad impact on your he alth. The condition of the body that was previously he althy and fit can be immediately disturbed because of consuming food or drink from the processing process whose cleanliness is not guaranteed. Coupled with changing weather conditions also affect the condition of the body, causing diarrhea
Snacks on the roadside do have their own charm when compared to food sold in restaurants. But unfortunately, apart from the delicious taste and affordable price, this type of snack sometimes overrides the he alth safety factor and the hygiene factor.Undercooked snacks, for example, are at risk of being contaminated with a number of bacteria that cause diarrhea.
What Happens When You Have Diarrhea?
Diarrhea is a he alth disorder characterized by an increase in the frequency of bowel movements (BAB) up to three times or more than your normal habit in a day. With each defecation, the stool that is passed is liquid in texture.
WHO, as a world he alth institution, states that diarrhea is the second highest annual cause of death, with 760 thousand children under five years old. However, diarrhea is a common disease that can still be prevented and treated before the condition gets worse.
In addition to food or drink contaminated with bacteria, the most common causes of diarrhea are flu, norovirus, and rotavirus infections.Children aged 3-8 years can also develop diarrhea due to bacterial infections, viral infections, and/or side effects of antibiotics. Diarrhea in children caused by parasites that can be transmitted from their playmates. Symptoms of diarrhea in children can be easily detected through changes in the texture of the bowel movements that look more fluid and the frequency of bowel movements increases.
The symptoms are almost the same for adults, but accompanied by the appearance of other conditions, such as cramps or pain in the stomach, frequent trips to the bathroom to defecate, nausea, and vomiting.
Diarrhea suffered for two days or longer must be checked by a doctor because there is a risk of causing loss of water and ion content in the body. Most of the causes of death in people with diarrhea are severe dehydration. Therefore, several actions need to be taken to prevent dehydration due to diarrhea, one of which is by maintaining adequate fluids and body ion balance.
Restore Body Fluids with Rehydration Efforts
The Indonesian Ministry of He alth (Kemenkes) has established a five-step program to solve diarrhea (LINTAS Diarrhea), which consists of:
- Giving ORS
- The administration of zinc drugs
- Breastfeeding or food
- Administration of antibiotics only when needed
- Educate the mother or caregiver on how to give fluids and drugs and when the patient should be taken to the nearest hospital.
One of the keys to therapy in cases of diarrhea is to prevent dehydration and restore lost fluids through rehydration efforts. Rehydration or fluid therapy is an effort to restore body fluids that are wasted with feces by consuming adequate fluids, one of which is taking ORS. If not available, broth, vegetable gravy can also be used as an alternative choice as a substitute liquid.
Help Prevention of Dehydration with Electrolyte Drink
Although plain water is still recommended to drink to prevent dehydration, experts say that consuming water alone is not enough to restore lost ions. Plain water does not contain the ions needed to maintain the ionic balance in the body. For that, the researchers recommend consuming drinks that contain the essence of the rehydration process itself. You can choose a drink that contains the ions your body needs so that the lost ions can be quickly returned.
For those of you who have diarrhea or have felt its symptoms, make sure to always meet your daily fluid and ion needs. Not only consuming fluids, but it is recommended to maintain personal hygiene as well to avoid bacterial infections.