Understanding the Function of the Estrogen Hormone in the Female Body

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Understanding the Function of the Estrogen Hormone in the Female Body
Understanding the Function of the Estrogen Hormone in the Female Body
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There are so many functions of the hormone estrogen in the human body, from regulating the performance of the reproductive system to supporting the development of fetal organs in the womb. Estrogen is one of the main hormones in women, but it is also found in men

In the body of men and women, there is the hormone estrogen. It's just that, in a woman's body, the levels of this hormone are more. While in the male body, the hormone estrogen is less and is not the main hormone. Therefore, the hormone estrogen is often referred to as the female sex hormone.

Understanding the Function of the Estrogen Hormone in the Female Body - Alodokter

The hormone estrogen is produced naturally by the body. However, there is also a synthetic or artificial estrogen hormone and is commonly used as a treatment. Artificial estrogen hormones known as estradiol, estriol, and estrone are widely used in hormone replacement therapy and hormonal birth control, such as birth control pills and injectable contraceptives.

Function of Estrogen Hormones in the Body

The hormone estrogen is produced by the adrenal glands in small amounts. In men, this hormone is produced by the testes. In women, the hormone estrogen is produced by the ovaries. However, during pregnancy, women get more of this hormone from the placenta or placenta.

In a woman's body, the hormone estrogen is not always produced in the same amount. At certain times, the production of the hormone estrogen can increase or decrease. This is related to the function of the hormone estrogen in regulating the female reproductive system.

Well, below are some of the functions of the hormone estrogen in a woman's body:

Starting and controlling the menstrual cycle

During puberty (ages 9–14 years), the hormone estrogen plays an important role in the physical changes that women experience, such as the growth of breasts and pubic hair, as well as initiating and controlling the menstrual cycle.

When you are of childbearing or productive age (aged 15–49 years), the production of the female hormone estrogen increases in the middle of her menstrual period. At this time, the hormone estrogen functions to thicken the uterine lining and mature the egg so that it is ready to be fertilized.

If fertilization does not occur, the egg will be released through the menstrual process and the hormone estrogen will decrease to normal levels. The ups and downs of the production of the hormone estrogen will continue to repeat as long as women are not menopausal.

Supporting a he althy pregnancy

When pregnant, a woman's body will produce more estrogen. At this time, the hormone estrogen has several important roles, namely:

  • Maintain and maintain the strength of the uterus
  • Supporting the development of fetal organs
  • Helps the growth of mammary glands and ducts to support breastfeeding
  • Distributing the nutrients consumed by pregnant women to the fetus

Not only that, the increase in the hormone estrogen during pregnancy also has an impact on the appearance of pregnancy symptoms, such as nausea and enlarged breasts. This hormone also causes brighter skin during pregnancy. In some time after delivery, the level of the hormone estrogen in the body will return to normal.

Estrogen production will decrease with age. When women reach menopause, the production of the hormone estrogen in the body will decrease drastically. This decrease in the hormone estrogen is one of the causes of women experiencing menopause symptoms.

Well, not much different from women, the hormone estrogen in men also plays a role in the reproductive system, including producing sperm and helping the function of the hormone testosterone in controlling libido.

In addition, in both men and women, the hormone estrogen also has an important role in regulating metabolism and the he alth of a number of organs, such as the heart, brain and bones. Therefore, several studies have shown that women are more at risk of developing osteoporosis and cardiovascular disease after entering menopause.

Symptoms of Disorders of the Estrogen Hormone

Low production of the hormone estrogen in women who have not entered puberty or has gone through menopause is normal. However, if low levels of estrogen in the body are experienced by women of childbearing age, then this could be a sign of a he alth problem.

In women, low estrogen levels can be characterized by the appearance of symptoms such as:

  • Headache
  • Body limp
  • Vagina is dry, so it hurts when having sex
  • Menstrual cycle is irregular or even stopped
  • Sudden burning sensation in chest, neck, or face
  • Numbness in the breast
  • Psychological disorders, such as mood swings or depression

Meanwhile, in men, low estrogen hormone in the body can cause symptoms in the form of decreased sexual desire and excessive fat deposits in the stomach.

If you experience these symptoms at a young age or before menopause, you should consult a doctor so that you can get the right treatment if necessary. If left untreated, low estrogen levels can lead to infertility or infertility.

To overcome this, the doctor may give you an estrogen replacement drug. During treatment, you still have to regularly check with your doctor so that hormone levels can be monitored. Because. Estrogen levels that are too high in the body are also not good and can increase the risk of developing cancers, such as breast cancer.

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