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Eye pain in children can be caused by various things, ranging from infection, irritation, to congenital abnormalities. Children tend to find it difficult to express their complaints, therefore parents need to be more introspective in recognizing the types of eye pain that children often experience
Eye pain in children is one of the he alth problems that parents need to pay attention to. The reason is, if a child has eye problems, this will make it difficult for him to read, concentrate, and learn new things.
Common Eye Pain in Children
The eyes have an important role in the process of child growth and development. So, it is important for you as a parent to know what types of eye diseases are most often experienced by children.
The following are some types of eye pain in children and how to deal with them:
Conjunctivitis is inflammation of the conjunctiva, which is the tissue around the eye and on the inside of the eyelid. This condition can be caused by viral infections, bacterial infections, allergic reactions, to irritation due to exposure to chemicals, dust, or smoke.
Children with conjunctivitis may show several symptoms, such as:
- Fussy because his eyes sting or itch
- Puffy eyes
- Frequently rubbing or rubbing the eyes because the eyes feel uncomfortable
- watery and red eyes
- Scales appear in the eyes (darkness)
If this condition is caused by a bacterial infection, the medicine given by the doctor is in the form of antibiotic eye drops or eye ointment. However, if the inflammation is caused by allergies, the doctor can prescribe anti-allergic drugs in the form of eye drops, syrup, or powder.
As long as your little one has this eye pain, there are treatments that can be done at home to help relieve the little one's complaints. This treatment can be in the form of giving cold compresses interspersed with warm compresses on the eyes and reminding them to wash their hands regularly and not rub their eyes.
In addition to conjunctivitis, a stye is also one of the most common eye diseases in children. These small bumps that grow in or around the eyelids are usually caused by a bacterial infection.
Styes can occur more easily if your little one doesn't keep his eyes clean or has certain habits, such as frequently rubbing his eyes with dirty hands. Fortunately, a stye can heal and go away on its own within 1–2 weeks without treatment.
While waiting for your little one's condition to improve, you can help relieve the symptoms he feels by giving a warm compress for 5-10 minutes on the eye that has a stye. Compresses can be repeated 3-4 times a day. Don't forget to always remind your little one not to press the lump in his eye.
But, immediately take your little one to the eye doctor if the stye persists for 2 weeks, accompanied by fever, swelling and severe pain in the eye, and blood or pus coming out of the lump.
3. Orbital cellulitis
This child's eye pain is a condition that needs to be watched out for. Orbital cellulitis is a bacterial infection of the fat, muscle, and bone tissue around the eyeball. This infection can spread from the sinus cavities (sinusitis) or occur when a child has an eye injury.
Children who experience eye pain will show several complaints, such as:
- Swollen and red eyes, making it difficult for children to close their eyes
- Fussy because of pain in the eye
- Visual vision
- Difficulty moving eyeballs
If your little one shows some of the symptoms above, immediately take him to an eye doctor to get the right examination and treatment. Delayed treatment can increase the risk of your little one experiencing a number of complications, such as meningitis, sepsis, and even blindness.
To treat orbital cellulitis in children, the doctor will prescribe antibiotics. In more severe cases or if antibiotics are not successful in treating this eye pain, the doctor will need to perform surgery on the eye.
4. Blockage of the tear glands
If your baby is under 1 year old and has symptoms such as continuous tears, swelling of the area around the eyes, eyelids sticking together, and crusty eyes, it could be a sign that he is suffering from blocked tears.
This condition is common in newborn children and will heal on its own after the child grows up. Generally, the blockage of the tear glands will improve after the child is about 1 year old.
In order to relieve the complaints and symptoms that your little one feels when they have blocked tear glands, try rubbing or gently massaging their eyelids. After the massage, your little one's eyes can also be given warm compresses 2-3 times a day. However, don't forget before and after massaging it, make sure you wash your hands thoroughly.
Besides some of the eye problems above, children can also experience some other eye pain, such as:
- Refractive errors in the eye (nearsightedness or farsightedness)
- Squint eyes
- Lazy eyes or amblyopia (lazy eyes)
- Retinopathy of prematurity, which is a disorder in the retina of the baby's eye that occurs due to babies born too early (under 31 weeks)
Some of the eye diseases above are generally caused by congenital abnormalities or birth defects in the eyes that have occurred since the child was still in the womb. However, with prompt treatment, eye pain in children can be resolved properly.
If your little one complains of eye pain and doesn't seem to be getting better with home care, immediately take him to a doctor to get an examination and proper treatment.