Vitamins are one type of nutrition that is very important for babies. There are many vitamins for babies that can be given to your little one. Each type of vitamin has its own role and function in maintaining the he alth of the baby and supporting its growth and development
In their first year, babies go through a period of rapid growth and development. In the first 6 months, babies get their main nutritional intake from breast milk.
After being 6 months old and able to eat solid food (MPASI), your little one will need a lot of nutrients, one of which is a variety of vitamins for babies.The function of this vitamin is no less important than the intake of other nutrients, such as protein, carbohydrates, fats, and minerals.
Various Types of Vitamins to Support Baby's He alth and Development
To ensure that the baby's he alth condition and growth and development remains good, he needs to get the following vitamins:
1. Vitamin A
Vitamin A is useful for supporting the baby's immune system and maintaining he althy skin, hair, and eyes. Infants aged 0-6 months need about 370 micrograms (mcg) of vitamin A per day, while infants aged 6 months to children aged 3 years need about 400 mcg of vitamin A per day.
This vitamin for babies is naturally found in several types of food, such as carrots, sweet potatoes, egg yolks, spinach, broccoli, chicken liver, fish, fish oil, and beef liver.
2. Vitamin B1
Vitamin B1 (thiamine) helps the body convert food into energy needed for growth, development, and function of baby's body cells, especially nerve cells. Babies need about 0.3 milligrams (mg) of vitamin B1 daily.
This vitamin is naturally found in rice, beef, beef liver, chicken, fish, nuts, and seeds. Some cereal products or baby food are also fortified with vitamin B1.
3. Vitamin B2
Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) helps the body use energy and protects cells from damage. This vitamin is also good for the he alth of the baby's eyes, skin and nervous system. Infants are advised to consume about 0.3 mg of vitamin B2 daily.
Some types of food that contain a lot of vitamin B2 are milk, beef, eggs, and green vegetables.
4. Vitamin B3
Vitamin B3 (niacin) is needed by the body to convert protein and fat into energy. This vitamin is also good for he althy skin and nervous system. Babies need about 2-4 mg daily intake of vitamin B3.
Chicken liver or meat, fish, mushrooms, avocado, potatoes, and peas are sources of vitamin B3 intake that can be added to the baby's complementary food menu.
5. Vitamin B6
Vitamin B6 or pyridoxine plays a role in maintaining a he althy brain and immune system. Babies need about 0.3 - 0.5 mg of vitamin B6 daily. This vitamin is naturally found in chicken, fish, vegetables, fruit, nuts, and milk.
6. Vitamin B9
Folate or vitamin B9 is one type of vitamin that is very important for baby's he alth. Adequate folate intake since in the womb can reduce the risk of a baby being born with defects.
After the baby is born, this vitamin for babies plays an important role in forming red blood cells and the baby's immune system, as well as preventing anemia.
Babies need 80 mcg of folate every day. This vitamin can be obtained from spinach, broccoli, beans, corn, avocados, and eggs. Some types of baby milk and cereals are also fortified with folic acid.
7. Vitamin B12
Vitamin B12 or cobalamin functions to maintain he althy nerve and blood cells, and makes DNA which is the genetic material in every cell. Babies need 0.4-0.5 micrograms of vitamin B12 daily. Intake of vitamin B12 can be obtained by eating eggs, beef, cheese, milk, and fish.
8. Vitamin C
Vitamin C protects the body against infection, helps the body absorb iron, builds bones and muscles, and helps heal wounds. Babies need vitamin C intake of 40-50 mg per day.
This vitamin is naturally found in fruits and vegetables, such as oranges, papayas, strawberries, kiwis, mangoes, guavas, cauliflower, potatoes, and broccoli.
9. Vitamin D
Vitamin D helps the body absorb calcium from food and strengthens bones and teeth. The recommended dose of vitamin D that babies need to get every day is around 5 mcg.
Vitamin D can be obtained through basking in the morning sun and eating foods rich in vitamin D, such as beef or beef liver, egg yolks, fish, soy milk, and fortified cereals or juices.
10. Vitamin E
Vitamin E is in charge of protecting cells from damage, strengthening the immune system, and good for skin and eye he alth. Babies need about 4-5 mg of vitamin E every day. Avocado, mango, kiwi, and vegetables, such as spinach and broccoli, are good sources of vitamin E for your little one to eat.
11. Vitamin K
Vitamin K helps the blood clotting process and accelerates the wound healing process. Babies need about 5-10 mcg of vitamin K every day. This vitamin for babies can be found in spinach, broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage, fish, liver, meat, and eggs.
The need for vitamins for babies can generally be met, if they get nutritious and diverse complementary foods. Supplements are usually only needed when your child has difficulty eating, is underweight, or if he suffers from certain diseases.
If you want to give vitamin supplements to your little one, you should first consult with your doctor so that the type and dosage of supplements given are according to your little one's needs.