Understanding Chronic Tonsillitis and Its Treatment

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Understanding Chronic Tonsillitis and Its Treatment
Understanding Chronic Tonsillitis and Its Treatment

Chronic tonsillitis is inflammation of the tonsils that lasts a long time, which is about 2 weeks or more. Patients with chronic tonsillitis may experience frequent recurrence of symptoms. Therefore, medical treatment is needed to treat it. One of them is by surgical removal of the tonsils

Tonsillitis occurs when a virus or bacteria causes infection and inflammation of the tonsils. If your tonsillitis lasts more than 2 weeks and occurs repeatedly, it can be said that you have chronic tonsillitis.

Understanding Chronic Tonsillitis and Treatment - Alodokter

Causes and Symptoms of Chronic Tonsillitis

In chronic tonsillitis, infection or inflammation lasts a long time and can recur or recur. Over time, the inflammation will cause the formation of tonsil stones that are filled with bacteria and smell bad.

Recurrent infections are generally caused by a number of factors, namely:

  • Smoking habit
  • Weather factor
  • Treatment of incomplete acute tonsillitis
  • Insufficient oral hygiene
  • Weak immune system
  • Radiation exposure

This infection or inflammation will cause the tonsils to get bigger and cause symptoms such as:

  • Sore throat that lasts long
  • Bad breath
  • Snoring due to enlarged tonsils, which are glands located on the back wall between the nasal cavity and throat
  • Sore throat that radiates to the ears and neck

Chronic Tonsillitis Treatment

The treatment of chronic tonsillitis is carried out by an ENT doctor. Just like acute tonsillitis, chronic tonsillitis can also be treated with medication. If the tonsillitis is caused by a bacterial infection, then the treatment can be with antibiotics.

To relieve pain from chronic tonsillitis, your doctor may prescribe painkillers, such as paracetamol or ibuprofen. However, for some conditions, the doctor will advise you to undergo a tonsillectomy or surgical removal of the tonsils. These conditions include:

  • Symptoms that appear more severe and often recur more than 7 times a year or more than 5 times in two years
  • Daily activities become disturbed, such as difficulty swallowing, speaking, and sleeping
  • Drugs are no longer effective in treating inflammation of the tonsils
  • Tonsillitis has caused complications, such as sleep apnea, festering tonsils, and the spread of infection to other surrounding organs

Patients with chronic tonsillitis who have difficulty breathing also need to be treated and hospitalized immediately. If needed, the doctor will perform surgery to treat the symptoms of chronic tonsillitis.

There are several methods in the tonsillectomy procedure, ranging from the use of laser beams, sound waves, to conventional surgery with a scalpel. The doctor will determine the method to be used based on the severity of the tonsillitis experienced and the patient's overall he alth condition.

Preparing for Tonsil Removal Operation

The length of the operation time depends on the operation method performed. However, the operation usually lasts about 30 to 60 minutes. Patients are usually allowed to go home on the same day or the day after surgery.

Before the doctor performs the tonsil removal procedure, the patient will be given general anesthesia or anesthesia. This means that the patient will fall asleep and feel nothing during the operation.

To reduce the risk of vomiting due to side effects of anesthesia, patients will be advised to fast before undergoing surgery. The doctor or nurse will provide information on when to fast and some other instructions that can and cannot be done before surgery.

Don't forget to tell your doctor about any medications or supplements you are taking. Usually, you will be asked to stop taking blood thinning drugs, such as aspirin and warfarin, at least 1-2 weeks before surgery.

Tonile Removal Postoperative Treatment

After surgery, you will feel pain in the throat area. Sometimes, pain may also appear in the ear or neck, but usually it will get better within 1-2 weeks by taking painkillers given by the doctor.

In addition to taking medication, here are some ways you can do to relieve pain and speed up the healing process after surgery:

  • Eat foods that are soft and easy to swallow, and avoid spicy, sour, and hard foods that can cause pain and bleeding
  • Consumption of fluids to prevent dehydration, such as cold drinks, but avoid acidic drinks, such as orange juice, so that the pain does not get worse
  • Rest at home for 2 weeks and don't do activities outside the home, such as playing or going to school

To determine the right treatment steps, chronic tonsillitis needs to be checked by a doctor. After undergoing an examination, the doctor will determine how severe the chronic tonsillitis is and suggest appropriate treatment steps.

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