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Worms often attack children. Many deworming drugs for children are sold over the counter. However, you need to know what type of deworming medicine is safe to give to your little one
worm infection or worm disease is caused by eggs or larvae of parasitic worms that enter the body through the mouth or skin pores.
Transmission can occur when your child puts dirty objects containing larvae or worm eggs into his mouth while playing, or does not wash his hands thoroughly after activities outside the home and before eating.
Not only that, worm eggs and larvae can also enter the body when your little one eats unclean food, such as unwashed vegetables or fruit. While in the body, the worm larvae reproduce and live by taking nutrients from the Little One's body.
Symptoms and Bad Effects of Worms
worm infection in children is usually characterized by the following symptoms:
- Digestive disorders, such as nausea, vomiting, and stomach pain
- Weight loss
- Appetite decreased
- Rash, itching, and pain appear around the anus
- Difficulty sleeping
However, if the infection is severe enough, a child with intestinal worms may experience vomiting, diarrhea, intestinal bleeding, and bloody stools. Sometimes, worms can also come out when the child defecates.
If not treated immediately, worm infection can cause digestive problems and impaired absorption of nutrients. This condition can cause various complications, such as malnutrition, low body weight, weak immune system, and anemia.
Not only that, helminth infections can also adversely affect a child's growth and development, and affect their learning ability and cognitive function.
Various Deworming Medicines for Children
Worms can be treated by taking worm medicine. Giving deworming medicine for children can be started since the child is 1.5-2 years old. The following are some types of deworming medicine for children that are safe for your little one to consume:
This dewormer is used to treat tapeworm infections. Albendazole should not be given to children who are allergic to this type of drug. Pregnant women are also not advised to take this drug.
Anthelmintic Levamisole is effective for treating infections of pinworms, roundworms, and whipworms. However, this deworming medicine is less effective in treating hookworm infections.
Pirantel is used to treat pinworm and roundworm infections. Pirantel should not be given to children who have liver problems or are allergic to this drug. Pirantel is also not recommended for nursing mothers and children under the age of two, except on doctor's instructions.
Mebendazole is used to treat roundworm, whipworm and hookworm infections. Mebendazole is not recommended for use in children under two years of age.
Ivermectin is a type of anthelmintic that can eradicate worms in the digestive tract of children, such as roundworms. In addition to treating intestinal worms, this drug can also be used to eradicate lice and treat ringworm.
When giving deworming medicine to children, make sure the mother has read and followed the instructions for use listed on the medicine package.
Just like other drugs, deworming medicine for children also has side effects. Side effects of worm medicine can include nausea, abdominal pain, to drug allergic reactions. Therefore, consult a pediatrician if your child shows symptoms of side effects or allergies after giving deworming medicine.
In addition to taking worm medicine, worm infections can also be prevented by keeping the house and the environment around the child clean, including children's toys, sheets, and toilets. Don't let your little one move in a dirty environment, for example playing in puddles or the ground, without wearing footwear.
Don't forget to get children used to washing their hands before eating. Trim your child's nails regularly, because the nail gaps can be a place for worm eggs and larvae to develop.
In addition, consume bottled drinking water or boiled water. Mothers also have to cook the meat until it is completely cooked, and wash fruits and vegetables thoroughly before consumption, to prevent transmission of worms.