Recognizing the Signs of Heatstroke and its Handling

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Recognizing the Signs of Heatstroke and its Handling
Recognizing the Signs of Heatstroke and its Handling
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For those of you who live in tropical countries, such as Indonesia, of course, you are very familiar with hot weather. Apart from burning your skin, spending too much time in the sun can also increase your risk of heatstroke.

Heatstroke is a condition when the body experiences a drastic increase in temperature to 40 degrees Celsius or even more. Heatstroke usually occurs when a person receives exposure to heat from the surrounding environment beyond his body's tolerance limits, for example when the weather is very hot.

Recognize the Signs of Heatstroke and Treatment - Alodokter

In addition, excessive exercise or physical activity can also be the cause of this condition. Because heatstroke is an emergency condition that requires immediate treatment, it is important that you know the signs of this condition and how to treat it.

Heatstroke Signs You Need to Know

A person suffering from heatstroke will generally experience the following symptoms:

  • Increase in body temperature to a temperature of 40 degrees Celsius or more.
  • Dizzy.
  • Headache.
  • Skin is red and dry.
  • Do not sweat even though the body temperature is high.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Muscle weakness and cramps.
  • Heart pounding.
  • Changes in behavior, such as confusion, absent-mindedness, restlessness, and irritability.
  • Seizure.
  • Fainted.

If someone experiences the signs of heatstroke above, immediately provide first aid to prevent serious complications that can be life-threatening.

First Aid That Can Be Done With Heatstroke

Here are the first aids that can be done when someone has heatstroke:

1. Move to a cooler place

When you have heatstroke, the first step you can take to prevent the condition from getting worse is to move to a cooler place, for example under trees.

This is done to reduce exposure to direct sunlight which can increase body temperature. If possible, remove or change into more comfortable clothes.

2. Compress the whole body

If changing places is not enough to help reduce body temperature due to heatstroke, apply cold compresses to the body.

Compress the body of heatstroke sufferers with ice cubes, especially in the neck, armpits, and groin. These body parts are hot spots that must be lowered immediately. In addition, you can also spray water on the sufferer's body to speed up the process of lowering the temperature.

But if heatstroke occurs in the elderly, children, patients with chronic diseases, or someone who experiences it due to strenuous exercise or exercise, do not apply ice packs.

But if heatstroke occurs in the elderly, children, patients with chronic diseases, or someone who experiences it due to strenuous exercise or exercise, do not apply ice packs.

3. Give drink lots of water

If the heatstroke sufferer is conscious, you also need to give him lots of water to drink. The reason is, when heatstroke occurs, the body will produce heat which causes the amount of body fluids to decrease. If this condition is left unchecked, it is feared that acute dehydration will occur.

However, make sure you don't give him drinks that are too cold, contain caffeine, or alcohol, because they will have a negative effect on the body.

Tips to Prevent Heatstroke

Basically, heatstroke is a predictable and preventable condition. Follow these steps to prevent heatstroke when working in hot weather:

  • Use loose-fitting, light-colored, and light-colored clothing when going out of the house.
  • Also wear a hat with a wide brim.
  • Apply sunscreen to the skin. Choose a sunscreen with a minimum SPF of 30.
  • Enough fluid intake. This is to prevent dehydration.
  • Be wise in choosing the time for outdoor activities. If possible, postpone strenuous outdoor activities when the weather is scorching hot. Change the activity schedule to morning or evening.

Heatstroke needs to be addressed immediately. So, if you experience a heatstroke or see someone experiencing it, seek first aid immediately to lower your body temperature. If this help is not effective enough to reduce body temperature quickly, seek medical attention immediately so that heatstroke does not get worse.

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