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Gunshot wounds occur when a person is hit by a firearm. Gunshot wounds must be treated appropriately and immediately, so that the lives of gunshot victims can be saved
Gunshot wounds have different shapes and sizes, depending on the speed of the bullet. Since gunshot wounds can lead to dangerous and fatal conditions, first aid must be given to the victim immediately.
Aid for Gunshot Victims
Despite being careful with firearms, unexpected situations can sometimes trigger a firefight. When there are riots, terrorist threats, and criminal incidents, gunfights are sometimes unavoidable and often lead to gunshot wounds.
You who are in this situation must immediately evacuate to a safer place. If there are people around you who are victims of gunshot wounds, take them to a safe place as much as possible and provide first aid while waiting for medical help to arrive.
The first aid you can give to a gunshot wound victim is:
1. Positioning the victim's body correctly
Once you are in a safe location, ensure that the conscious gunshot wound victim is sitting or lying down in a comfortable position. If the gunshot wound is above the waist, do not raise the leg high as this will cause the blood to flow more rapidly from the wound.
2. Contact the police and the nearest hospital
After making sure the surrounding environment is safe and the victim's position is comfortable, immediately call the police or the nearest hospital to inform them of the shooting and the victims of gunshot wounds. Ideally, a gunshot wound victim should receive medical attention within 10 minutes of being shot.
3. Stop bleeding
While waiting for medical help to arrive, stop the bleeding from the gunshot wound. You can stop the bleeding by applying pressure to the bleeding area. Use gauze to apply pressure and bandage the gunshot wound to allow the bleeding to subside. If gauze is not available, you can take advantage of using torn clean clothes.
If the gunshot wound is in the chest area, cover the wound with clean plastic. The goal is to prevent air from entering the chest cavity, which can prevent the lungs from inflating.However, if the victim experiences shortness of breath after the procedure, remove the plastic cover immediately.
4. Perform CPR procedure
If you have received training and know how to perform CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation), provide assistance with this technique if the gunshot wound victim stops breathing and his heart stops beating.
The steps above you can take as first aid for victims of gunshot wounds. If possible, immediately take the victim to the ER to the nearest hospital for treatment.