These are the rules for taking antibiotics for pregnant women

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These are the rules for taking antibiotics for pregnant women
These are the rules for taking antibiotics for pregnant women

Antibiotics are a type of medicine used to fight bacterial infections. In pregnant women, the use of this drug should not be taken without a doctor's advice because some antibiotic drugs can have a negative impact on the growth and development of the fetus. So, what kind of antibiotics are safe for pregnant women?

Some of the natural changes that occur during pregnancy make the body more susceptible to bacterial infections. Bacterial infections can be harmful to both mother and fetus and need to be treated. To fight infections caused by these bacteria, pregnant women will need antibiotics.

These are the rules for taking antibiotics for pregnant women - Alodokter

Can Pregnant Women Take Antibiotics?

During pregnancy, food, drinks, medicines, including antibiotics that pregnant women take can affect the development of the fetus, both good and bad influences. Then, can pregnant women take antibiotics? The answer is yes, why.

Actually, not all types of antibiotics are dangerous for pregnant women. Doctors are allowed to give pregnant women antibiotics that are safe for mother and fetus if their use is necessary.

The doctor's consideration for giving antibiotics to pregnant women is of course because the disease is caused by bacteria and there are no other treatment options. In addition, the doctor will also consider the impact on the mother and fetus if antibiotics are given or not.

In addition to considering the type, the doctor also considers the dose and duration of drug consumption, as well as gestational age.

Usually, pregnant women who are entering the age of 6–24 weeks of pregnancy tend to be at risk for urinary tract infections (UTIs). This happens because the bladder begins to be pressured by the uterus which continues to enlarge as gestational age increases. This disease is caused by group B Streptococcus bacteria.

This condition really requires treatment with antibiotics. If not treated immediately, UTIs can lead to premature labor and the birth of babies with low birth weight.

In addition to UTI, antibiotics are also generally needed to treat pregnant women who have typhus, or have kidney infections, appendicitis, inflammation of the gallbladder, or chorioamnionitis, which is an infection of the amniotic fluid and placenta during pregnancy.

Antibiotics that are Safe to Consume During Pregnancy

Several types of antibiotics that are considered safe for pregnant women are amoxicillin, ampicillin, penicillin, clindamycin, erythromycin, and nitrofurantoin. This type of antibiotic drug is safe for pregnant women if it is recommended by a doctor and taken as recommended.

Types of antibiotics that pregnant women should avoid, such as tetracycline antibiotics. This type of drug has the risk of disrupting the condition of the liver of pregnant women and inhibiting the growth of the bones and teeth of the fetus.

Besides that, paying attention to the category of drugs is also important for pregnant women. In general, medicines are grouped into categories A, B, C, D, and X. Category A drugs are considered the safest, while drugs belonging to category X are considered to be dangerous for the fetus and should not be consumed by pregnant women.

So before receiving the drug, don't hesitate to ask the doctor whether the category of the drug is safe or risky for pregnancy.

Pregnant women should not take antibiotics carelessly. However, this does not mean pregnant women should completely avoid this drug. Avoiding taking antibiotics when they are actually needed can actually have a worse effect on the pregnant woman or the fetus.

The following are some things about antibiotics for pregnant women that need attention:

  • As much as possible, avoid taking antibiotics in the first trimester of pregnancy, which is the period of organ formation in the fetus.
  • Use antibiotics that already have a history of safe use effects
  • Take the lowest effective dose of the drug.
  • Do not take antibiotics together with over-the-counter drugs or other types without a doctor's recommendation because there is a risk of reducing the efficacy or even increasing the effect of the drug.

So pregnant women don't have to worry about taking antibiotics anymore, okay? There are, really, antibiotics for pregnant women that are safe for consumption. But remember, the consumption of antibiotics must still be based on the doctor's advice, yes.

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