About Oligomenorrhea, One of Menstrual Disorders at Childhood Age

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About Oligomenorrhea, One of Menstrual Disorders at Childhood Age
About Oligomenorrhea, One of Menstrual Disorders at Childhood Age

Oligomenorrhoea is a condition when a woman's menstrual periods of childbearing age are irregular or unpredictable. The cause of oligomenorrhea is usually not serious. However, in certain cases, oligomenorrhea can be a sign of he alth problems in the body

Normally, menstrual periods occur every 21–35 days. If a woman does not have menstruation for more than 35–90 days, then the woman is said to be suffering from oligomenorrhea.

About Oligomenorrhea, One of Menstrual Disorders at Childbearing Age - Alodokter

Oligomenorrhoea causes sufferers to only experience menstruation 6-8 times a year. The amount of blood that came out was unpredictable. There may be less blood than usual or more blood.

The Causes of Oligomenorrhea You Need to Know

Oligomenorrhoea is generally experienced by adolescents at the beginning of menstruation, which is about 2-3 years after the first menstruation. However, this condition is fairly normal because it occurs as a result of unstable hormone activity during these puberty periods. Oligomenorrhea is also more commonly experienced by women who are entering menopause or women who use hormonal contraception, such as birth control pills or injectable contraceptives.

Besides the influence of hormones, there are several other conditions that can cause oligomenorrhea. These conditions include:

  • thyroid disease
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
  • Malnutrition, for example due to eating disorders, such as anorexia nervosa and bulimia
  • Obesity
  • Diabetes
  • Inflammation of the pelvis
  • Cancer, such as uterine cancer and ovarian cancer
  • Early menopause
  • Psychological problems, such as stress and depression
  • Side effects of drugs, such as anticonvulsants, blood thinners, corticosteroids, and antipsychotic drugs

In addition to the conditions above, oligomenorrhea is also more prone to occur in women who often do strenuous sports, such as lifting weights or running marathons.

Treatment of Oligomenorrhea

Because it can be caused by various things, oligomenorrhea should be examined by a doctor to find out further what the cause is.

To determine the cause of oligomenorrhea, the doctor will conduct a series of examinations, ranging from a review of menstrual history, physical examination, to supporting examinations, such as blood tests, urine tests, pap smears, and ultrasound.

Oligomenorrhoea is often not a serious condition, but steps need to be taken to treat it. The type of treatment also depends on the cause. The following are some ways to treat oligomenorrhea:

  • Replacing the contraception used with another type of contraception, such as condoms, if the oligomenorrhea experienced is due to the use of hormonal contraception, such as birth control pills or injectable contraceptives
  • Consuming birth control pills containing the hormones estrogen and progesterone, if oligomenorrhea is caused by hormonal imbalances in the body or experienced by PCOS sufferers
  • Avoiding or limiting strenuous exercise
  • Consulting with a nutritionist, if oligomenorrhea is caused by obesity, anorexia nervosa, and bulimia

Oligomenorrhoea caused by certain he alth problems, such as thyroid disease and diabetes, can be treated by treating the underlying disease first.By treating the cause, it is hoped that the body's hormonal conditions will return to normal, so that the menstrual cycle can become regular again.

Oligomenorrhoea is often not caused by a serious condition. Sometimes, however, this condition can lead to infertility or difficulty conceiving offspring.

If this menstrual disorder makes it difficult for you to calculate your fertile period, then you should immediately consult a gynecologist for proper examination and treatment.

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