Table of contents:
- Prohibition for Pregnant Women Regarding Food and Drink
- Activities That Are Prohibited for Pregnant Women
During pregnancy, there are many prohibitions for pregnant women that need to be obeyed. Because if not, not only pregnant women themselves can be adversely affected, but also the fetus that is growing and developing in the womb
Pregnancy is a happy moment for every mother and father. But behind that happiness, there is a big responsibility that needs to be borne. Pregnant women must be more careful in choosing their intake, because not all food and drinks are safe for pregnant women to consume.
In addition, pregnant women also need to know what activities to avoid, because they have the potential to interfere with the he alth conditions of the mother and fetus.
Prohibition for Pregnant Women Regarding Food and Drink
What a pregnant woman consumes will determine the nutrients the fetus gets. Therefore, pregnant women need to be more careful in choosing food during pregnancy. There are several foods and drinks that pregnant women should avoid, including:
1. Raw food
Be it meat, fish, or eggs, make sure pregnant women have cooked them until they are perfectly cooked before consuming them. For fruits and vegetables, don't forget to wash them well before eating.
Eating raw, unsanitary, or undercooked food can increase the risk of contracting germs and parasites that may be present in these foods.
Some examples are Salmonella, Listeria, and Toxoplasma parasites. If exposed to these germs, pregnant women are at risk of infection, one of which is toxoplasmosis. This disease can increase the risk of premature birth and miscarriage.
2. Spicy food
Spicy food for many people does look tempting to eat. However, pregnant women are advised to avoid any food that has a spicy taste, because it has the potential to cause heartburn, which is a stinging and painful sensation in the stomach, chest, or throat.
Although it doesn't have a direct impact on the he alth of the fetus, the effects of spicy food will make pregnant women uncomfortable and can trigger nausea and vomiting.
3. Herbal tea
Consuming herbal tea during pregnancy is believed to prevent pregnancy complications, such as premature birth, bleeding during childbirth, and preeclampsia. However, these claims cannot be fully justified and still need further research.
To be safer, avoid consuming herbal teas before pregnant women consult a doctor.
4. Unpasteurized Milk
In order to meet the calcium needed by the fetus, milk is indeed the right drink to consume. However, pregnant women also need to ensure that the milk to be consumed is pasteurized.
Pasteurization is a heating process that aims to kill harmful organisms that may be contained in milk. Consuming raw or unpasteurized milk will increase the risk of being infected with harmful germs.
One of the germs that can be contained in unpasteurized milk is Listeria. These germs can cause premature birth and even miscarriage.
5. Alcohol and caffeine
Consuming alcoholic beverages during pregnancy can cause the baby to be born with fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). Babies with FAS can have low birth weight and other he alth problems, such as brain disorders, growth retardation, and birth defects.
Caffeine also needs to be avoided or limited. If excessive, caffeine consumption is feared to cause miscarriage and increase blood pressure and heart rate, both in pregnant women and their fetuses.
Although the impact has not been fully proven, it would be better if pregnant women limit caffeine consumption. Make sure pregnant women do not consume more than one cup of coffee per day, or more than 2 cups of tea per day. The less caffeine pregnant women consume, the better.
Activities That Are Prohibited for Pregnant Women
Not only food and drinks, the prohibition for pregnant women also applies to certain activities, including:
Babies born to a smoking mother are at high risk of being born with a low body weight or having birth defects, one of which is a cleft lip. In addition, babies are also at high risk of being born prematurely.
2. Hot shower
Soaking in hot water can indeed make the body relax. However, pregnant women are advised not to do it until after giving birth.
Soaking in hot water for too long or too often has the potential to cause pregnant women to experience dizziness and weakness. This habit can even increase the risk of miscarriage and birth defects in the baby.
3. Cleaning the pet cage
If pregnant women like to keep pets, such as cats, it is better to delegate the task of cleaning the cage for pregnant women's cats to other people. The reason is, cleaning the cat cage can expose pregnant women to microbes from cat feces that can cause disease, such as Toxoplasma infection.
Pregnant women who are infected with Toxoplasma from cats can experience pregnancy complications such as miscarriage or fetal death in the womb. Meanwhile, fetuses infected with this parasite can face serious he alth problems, such as seizures and birth defects.
4. Beautify nails
During pregnancy, pregnant women should avoid nail beautification activities, especially putting on artificial nails or nail polish. The reason is, the smell of various kinds of nail beauty products is not good for the he alth of pregnant women and fetuses.
5. Doing strenuous physical activity
Pregnant women need to exercise regularly. But remember, don't let the exercise be too heavy or make pregnant women tired. Avoid activities or sports that are too strenuous, such as running a marathon, lifting weights, tennis, or working late. Get enough sleep and avoid stress so that pregnant women and fetuses are he althy.
In addition to complying with the various prohibitions for pregnant women above, pregnant women also need to carry out routine obstetrical examinations to the obstetrician. The doctor will check the he alth condition of the pregnant woman, monitor the development of the fetus, and suggest what things to do and avoid during pregnancy.