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Head lice cause an itchy sensation on the scalp. If not treated immediately, the danger of head lice can spread to the people around you. Therefore, consider the dangers of head lice and how to deal with them in the following article
Head lice are parasitic insects that quite often attack humans. People who have head lice on their scalp are often perceived as not keeping their body clean. However, this assumption is not true. Anyone can get head lice.
The adult lice that live in the hair of this head look about the size of a sesame seed. This parasite sucks blood from your scalp and can survive for several weeks on your scalp. Each female can even give birth to more than 100 eggs.
If not treated properly, head lice are very at risk of causing various problems, ranging from scalp infections to decreased quality of sleep.
Dangers of Head Lice to Pay Attention to
Despite their small size, head lice can cause big he alth problems. Even if left unchecked, the danger of head lice can not only harm your own he alth, but also spread to those around you.
The following are some of the dangers of head lice if not immediately eradicated:
1. Scalp infection
Head lice can release their saliva when they bite the scalp. This can cause irritation and itching on the scalp because the immune system reacts to the saliva.
The itching caused by head lice can make you scratch your scalp often. If left unchecked, this habit of scratching can cause sores and infections on the scalp.
2. Infect other people
Head lice can spread easily from one person to another, no matter whether you are diligent about keeping your hair clean or not.
This nuisance insect usually spreads directly from one person's hair to the hair of other people who are nearby, for example in people who sleep in the same bed with people with head lice infection.
Head lice can also be spread through objects that are shared with other people, such as hats, helmets, hair clips, combs, towels, or pillows. Therefore, avoid the use of personal equipment to prevent the transmission of head lice.
3. Sleep quality is disturbed
Head lice are most active at night or in the dark. This will make the sufferer often scratch his head all night, so that the time and quality of sleep will be disturbed.
4. The number can continue to increase
Increasing the number of lice can exacerbate itching and increase the risk of infection or eczema on the scalp. The greater the number of lice, the higher the risk of transmitting head lice.
5. Lowering self-confidence
The self-confidence of people affected by lice, whether small children or adults, is very likely to decrease due to suffering from this condition. Plus if you get ridicule from friends or feel inferior because they are considered less diligent in maintaining personal hygiene.
How to get rid of head lice
If you don't want the danger of head lice to occur and spread to others, free your beautiful hair from the clutches of this annoying parasite.
There are several simple and inexpensive ways to get rid of head lice, including:
Combing and caring for hair
Buy a fine-toothed comb specially designed to get rid of lice. Then, shampoo as usual using shampoo and hair conditioner. After wet hair or using conditioner, comb hair with a lice comb.
When combing hair, make sure the comb touches the scalp. Pull the comb from the roots to the ends of the hair in one continuous motion, then clean the comb that has been used with a tissue.
Apply this motion to all sections of hair, at least twice in each section to make sure there are no more lice or nits left. Repeat brushing every 3 days, at least for the next 2 weeks.
To maintain the cleanliness of the comb, boil the comb that has been used for a few minutes or soak the comb in a disinfectant solution for about 20 minutes after use.
Using essential oils
Some essential oils are believed to help kill head lice on the scalp. Some essential oils that can be used are eucalyptus oil, ylang oil, clove oil, lavender oil, anise oil, and tea tree oil.
The way to use it is to wash your hair first, then apply essential oil on a comb and then comb your hair as mentioned above.
Using flea control
You can also get rid of lice in your hair by using lice remedies sold in pharmacies. There are several medications commonly used to get rid of head lice, such as permethrin, pyrethrin and ivermectin. Generally these drugs are available in the form of shampoo or cream.
To use it, read the information on the package, or consult your doctor first.
In addition to people with head lice infection, people who live close together or share personal items with people with head lice infection also need to undergo treatment to eradicate head lice. This is to prevent relapse of lice.
If the head lice are very annoying and the above methods are not able to handle it, immediately see a doctor for further treatment.