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There are various causes of ear discharge, from infection to injury. To overcome this, there are various ways that you can do at home. However, you still need to be vigilant, because discharge from the ear can also be a sign of a serious problem with the ear
Normally, the ear will produce wax or cerumen. This earwax contains oil which serves to catch dust, bacteria, or other foreign objects from entering further into the ear.
In most cases, earwax can mix with water when bathing or swimming so that it will come out of the ear in the form of fluid. This type of discharge is generally only a small amount and does not cause ear pain.
However, for certain conditions, such as a ruptured eardrum, the ear will discharge a fluid filled with blood or pus. This discharge can be a sign that the ear is injured or infected.
The Causes of Ear Draining
There are several conditions that can cause ear discharge, namely:
1. Middle ear infection
A common cause of discharge from the ear is otitis media, which is a condition when the middle ear is infected with bacteria or viruses. This infection triggers a buildup of fluid in the middle ear, behind the eardrum.
If there is too much, the fluid buildup can push and tear the eardrum, causing fluid to drain out of the ear.
2. Eardrum injury
This condition can occur when you clean the ear with a cotton swab or cotton swab and push it too deep and tear the eardrum.
In addition, sudden changes in air pressure, such as when traveling by plane, climbing mountains, or diving, can also cause ear injuries characterized by sudden ear pain and discharge from the ear.
3. Swimmer's ear syndrome
Swimmer's ear syndrome or otitis externa occurs due to a bacterial, viral, or fungal infection. The infection occurs in the outer ear canal, which is between the ear canal and the eardrum.
When you are in the water for too long, the inside of the ear will become so moist that the skin on the walls of the ear canal will peel and damage. This is where various types of germs can enter and cause infection.
Although it is called swimmer's ear syndrome, this condition does not only occur when a person is in the water. The skin of the ear canal can also become irritated due to a foreign object entering the ear or due to eczema.
How to get rid of ear discharge
When you experience a discharge from your ear, there are several ways you can treat it at home, namely:
- Avoid cleaning the ears with cotton or any object.
- Clean the ears only on the outside and use a soft object, such as a towel.
- Avoid putting gauze or anything in the ear to stop the discharge.
- Avoid blowing your nose too hard to maintain pressure in the ear.
- Avoid cleaning the ear by holding your breath, covering your nose, and blowing, as this can increase the pressure in the ear and slow down the healing process.
- Avoid using any ear drops other than those prescribed by the doctor.
To prevent ear discharge from occurring, try to always keep your ears clean, maintain ear pressure when climbing or diving, and dry your ears immediately after bathing and swimming.
If the condition is discharge from the ear accompanied by pain, you are advised to immediately see a doctor for further examination. In addition to pain, there are various other symptoms that often appear when you experience discharge from the ear and should be checked by a doctor, namely:
- The fluid that comes out is white, yellow, green, or in the form of blood
- Ear discharge has been going on for more than 5 days
- Headache or high fever
- hearing loss
Not only the above symptoms, if the ear discharge occurs after an accident or injury and swelling or redness occurs in the ear and the area around the ear, this condition must be treated immediately by a doctor so as not to cause dangerous complications.