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Pregnant women need to pay attention to their food intake, for the he alth and development of the baby in the womb. Not only he althy foods that pregnant women need to know about, foods that are prohibited for pregnant women are also important to know
The intake that the fetus gets from its mother while in the womb will have an impact on its he alth condition and growth and development. The intake is not only nutrients, but can also be toxic substances or even viruses and bacteria. That is why, some of the types of food below are not recommended for consumption by pregnant women.
Prohibited Foods for Pregnant Women
The following are some types of food that should not be consumed by pregnant women because of the risk of causing he alth problems:
1. Raw meat
Raw meat or undercooked meat can contain the toxoplasma parasite which is dangerous for pregnant women, because it can cause infection in the fetus, even if the pregnant woman does not experience any symptoms.
Therefore, if pregnant women want to eat meat, including minced meat and sausage, make sure the meat is completely cooked. Cook until there are no more bloody or pink spots on the meat.
2. Raw egg
Pregnant women should avoid consuming raw eggs and foods containing raw or undercooked eggs, because of the risk of exposure to Salmonella bacteria.
Although it does not have a direct impact on the fetus, Salmonella infection can make pregnant women experience digestive disorders, which are characterized by diarrhea and vomiting.
Make sure pregnant women only eat cooked eggs, which are marked by the whole egg white and egg yolk has become solid.
3. Fish containing mercury
It is undeniable that fish has many benefits for pregnant women. However, some fish can contain a lot of mercury which can have a negative impact on pregnancy.
Tuna, mackerel, swordfish, and shark are examples of fish that are not recommended for pregnant women to eat. The large amount of mercury contained in these fish can interfere with fetal nerve development.
In addition, pregnant women also need to limit their consumption of salmon and mackerel to avoid exposure to dioxin and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) pollutants. If pregnant women want to eat sea fish, it is better not to exceed two moderate servings per week.
4. Milk without pasteurization
Milk is a source of various nutrients needed by pregnant women. However, pregnant women should not consume milk that is produced without a pasteurization process, because there is a risk of containing Listeria bacteria which can cause infection in pregnancy. This also applies to dairy products, such as cheese and yogurt.
5. Raw vegetables
Some types of sprouts, including bean sprouts from green beans and clover leaves, are not recommended to be consumed raw. Bacteria on sprouts are very difficult to clean just by washing, so they need to be cooked thoroughly.
This prohibition actually applies to everyone, but pregnant women need to be more careful about consuming raw vegetables to prevent bacterial infection.
In addition to the several types of food above, pregnant women should also avoid several other types of food, such as liver and sushi containing raw fish, as well as drinks containing caffeine or alcohol.
On the contrary, the recommended foods for pregnant women are whole grains and their processed products, lean meats, low-fat milk, vegetables, and fruits.
Pregnant women should be more careful in choosing food and drinks. Avoid the types of foods that are prohibited for pregnant women above. If necessary, consult a gynecologist about what foods should not be consumed during pregnancy.