Table of contents:
- Why Can Fetus Stress?
- How to detect that the fetus is under stress
- The Bad Effects of Fetal Stress and How to Prevent It
Fetal stress is a condition that should not be left too long. If your little one is under too much stress in the womb, he can experience serious complications that can affect his he alth and development
Everything that pregnant women do will have an impact on the he alth and development of the fetus in the womb. One of the effects that can occur if pregnant women do not take care of their he alth is that the fetus becomes stressed.
This condition needs to be treated immediately, because if not, various pregnancy complications and he alth problems for the fetus can arise. To find out more about stressed fetuses and what are the dangers, let's take a look at the following reviews.
Why Can Fetus Stress?
There are several conditions for pregnant women that cause or increase the risk of the fetus experiencing stress, including:
- Pregnant at 35 years of age or older.
- Suffered from he alth problems during pregnancy, such as high blood pressure, anemia, infection, preeclampsia, or diabetes.
- Being overweight or obese during pregnancy.
- Pregnant twins.
- Has a history of stillbirth.
- Suffering from nutritional deficiencies, resulting in a smaller fetus size than the normal fetal size (IUGR).
- Amniotic problems, for example having too much or too little amniotic fluid and amniotic fluid embolism.
- Smoking while pregnant.
- Pregnant up to 42 weeks or more but still not showing signs of labor (post-term pregnancy).
- Has psychological problems, such as depression or anxiety disorders, during pregnancy.
How to detect that the fetus is under stress
Feeling the movement of the fetus is the easiest way to know whether the fetus is stressed or not. Fetal movements tend to change as it develops in the womb.
However, if you feel his movements are less frequent than usual or suddenly stop moving altogether, then it could be a sign that he is stressed. If this happens, you should immediately see a doctor for further examination.
In determining whether the fetus is under stress or not, the doctor will perform a physical and supporting examination, such as ultrasound and cardiotocography (CTG) examination.
Allegations of the fetus experiencing stress will be higher if the results of the doctor's examination show:
- Fetal oxygen needs are not fulfilled (hykopsia).
- The size of the fetus is smaller than the size of the fetus at his age.
- Fetal heartbeat is too slow or too fast.
- Pregnancy complications, such as preeclampsia or diabetes.
- Amniotic fluid contains feces (meconium).
If the initial examination shows one or more of the signs above, the doctor may perform a follow-up examination to confirm the condition. In addition to diagnosing, the follow-up examination also aims to determine the treatment that will be carried out to overcome the stress experienced by the fetus.
The Bad Effects of Fetal Stress and How to Prevent It
Fetus who are experiencing stress must be treated immediately. If left unchecked, the condition can get worse and potentially cause serious complications in the form of brain injury to the fetus.In more severe cases, stress can increase the risk of the fetus experiencing fetal distress. If not treated immediately, this fetal distress can cause the fetus to die in the womb.
Not only that, complications can also be experienced by the fetus due to swallowing feces (meconium) contained in the amniotic fluid. These complications can be in the form of blockage of the fetal respiratory tract.
There are several ways you can do to prevent the fetus from experiencing stress, including:
- Drink more water to avoid dehydration.
- Lie on the left side when sleeping so that the uterus does not press on the main blood vessels of the body. Compressed blood vessels can block blood flow to the placenta and fetus.
- Stop taking medicines for a while or consult your doctor first before taking certain medicines.
- Overcome stress during pregnancy by doing relaxation, exercise, and getting enough sleep.
If the baby in your womb experiences stress before the time of delivery, the doctor will recommend that the baby be delivered immediately. The method of delivery that will be carried out depends on how far the stages of labor you have gone through.
You can still give birth normally with the help of tools, such as a vacuum or forceps. If normal delivery is not possible, the doctor will suggest a caesarean section delivery.
Fetal stress is a dangerous condition, but pregnant women are often not aware of it. Therefore, make sure you do regular gynecological examinations to the gynecologist. Doctors will not only help you prevent fetal stress, but will also recommend what you can do to maintain the he alth of you and your fetus.