Role of Anesthesiologist in Surgical Procedure

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Role of Anesthesiologist in Surgical Procedure
Role of Anesthesiologist in Surgical Procedure
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Some people may think that the job of an anesthesiologist is only to give anesthesia. In fact, the duties and responsibilities of the anesthesiologist include many things, including monitoring the patient's condition and ensuring that the patient does not feel pain during and after surgery

Anesthesiologists are specialist doctors who are responsible for providing anesthesia or anesthesia to patients who want to undergo surgical procedures or surgeries and other medical procedures.

The Anesthesiologist's Role in Surgical Procedures - Alodokter

Anesthesiologists are part of the surgical team working closely with surgeons and nurses. Anesthesia performed by this specialist is in the form of giving sedative and anti-pain drugs so that the patient falls asleep and does not feel pain during the surgical procedure.

Role of Anesthesiologist

Broadly speaking, the responsibilities of the anesthesiologist include:

  • Providing perioperative services, namely medical procedures required for surgery, which include preoperative preparation, intraoperative services (during the operation), and postoperative services
  • Determining treatment to prevent and relieve pain in patients, both in surgical procedures and in patients with certain medical conditions., such as cancer patients, patients who are about to give birth, and patients who will undergo endoscopic procedures
  • Provide emergency treatment, including resuscitation measures for critically ill patients and patients in intensive care

Responsibilities of the Anesthesiologist in Surgery

Anesthesiologists have a duty both before the operation, during the operation, and after the operation. Here's the explanation:

Before operation

The anesthesiologist's responsibility begins before the surgical procedure is carried out. At this stage, the anesthesiologist is in charge of making an evaluation before anesthesia, which is to make sure the patient's condition is suitable for surgery.

In addition, the anesthesiologist will also make an anesthetic plan according to the patient's condition. This includes the type of anesthetic to be used and the method of breathing apparatus to be administered.

Some things that the anesthesiologist considers before giving anesthesia, including:

Patient's condition and medical history

The anesthesiologist will check whether the patient has had surgery and what type of surgery it was, as well as whether the patient has any he alth problems, such as diabetes or heart disease,.The patient is also asked to tell the doctor whether he or his family members have any allergies to anesthetics or other drugs.

Operation type

The anesthesiologist will consider the type of surgery to be performed before giving anesthesia, for example the patient may need general anesthesia to ensure comfort and safety during major surgery.

Medical examination results

Results of medical examinations that are considered by the anesthesiologist, including physical and supporting examinations, such as blood tests or electrocardiogram (ECG).

During Operation

Before the operation starts, the anesthesiologist will perform anesthesia on the patient, and make sure the anesthesia is working properly.

When the operation is in progress, the role of the anesthesiologist is still needed to accompany the patient during the operation.

During the procedure, the anesthesiologist will monitor the patient's condition and vital signs, such as heart rate and rhythm, breathing, and blood pressure. In addition, the anesthesiologist will also monitor whether the patient feels pain or not.

After surgery

After the operation is over, the anesthesiologist's job doesn't stop there. The anesthesiologist is still responsible for monitoring the patient's consciousness and condition during the recovery phase.

This includes checking the patient's postoperative condition and possible complications. Anesthetists are also needed to treat pain that appears after surgery until the patient feels comfortable.

Anesthesiologist with Specialized Speci alty

Every anesthesiologist is trained to treat patients in the operating room, but not a few anesthesiologists take sub-speci alties, for example in the field of critical care for patients who require intensive care (Intensive Care Unit / ICU).

There are also pediatric anesthetists who specialize in pain management and anesthesia in children, neuroanesthesiologists who specialize in neurosurgery operations, and anesthesiologists who specialize in pain management, such as chronic pain or cancer-related pain.

Anesthesiologists are needed to provide comfort and safety to patients undergoing surgery and other medical procedures. The anesthesiologist is also responsible for the patient's safety and he alth, as well as carrying out the operation according to the procedure.

For this reason, the patient or the patient's family needs to consult an anesthesiologist before undergoing surgery.

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