How to take care of skin by type

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How to take care of skin by type
How to take care of skin by type

How to take care of the skin should be adjusted to the type of skin you have. Improper skin care or errors in the use of care products can actually cause skin problems. Therefore, it is important to know how to treat skin according to its type

Skin is the outermost and widest organ that acts as a protector of the body. The skin prevents the body from dehydration and infection and keeps the body temperature stable. Not only that, the skin also allows you to feel cold, heat, and pain, and process vitamin D from sunlight.

How to treat skin by type - Alodokter

The importance of the role of skin makes you need to know how to take care of the right skin according to your skin type. This is because each skin type requires different treatments according to its characteristics.

How to treat skin according to its type

The following are some ways to treat skin according to its type that you need to know:

1. Dry skin

Dry skin is generally not as flexible as other skin types. Dry skin also usually looks dull, wrinkled, easily itchy and irritated, and rough.

There are several factors that can make a person more prone to having dry skin, including genetic factors, excessive sun exposure, changes in weather, too often hot baths, or the use of inappropriate cosmetics.

If you have dry skin, there are several ways to treat dry skin that you can try, including:

  • Using soaps and skin care products made from mild or non-irritating chemicals, such as those that do not contain fragrances or antibacterials
  • Limit bath time to a maximum of 15 minutes and you should use warm water when showering
  • Avoid rubbing the skin too hard when bathing
  • Applying moisturizer after bathing and whenever the skin feels dry
  • Using products made from petroleum jelly or oil, because they can trap liquids so they don't evaporate quickly from the skin

2. Oily skin

Oily skin usually looks dull or shiny and has large pores. This skin type is also more prone to blackheads and acne. The skin can be more oily when the oil glands (sebaceous glands) in the skin produce too much sebum.

There are several factors that can make a person more prone to having oily skin, including genetic factors, stress, humid air, and hormonal changes, for example in teenagers entering puberty.

Oily skin can be treated in the following ways:

  • Using care products labeled oil-free or non-comedogenic that don't clog pores
  • Wash your face twice a day, especially when your skin is sweaty
  • Avoid squeezing pimples because it can leave scars that are difficult to remove
  • Using water-based skin care products so as not to make the skin more oily and prevent the appearance of acne

3. Normal skin

Normal skin generally looks rosy, not dull, oily, or dry, and doesn't have many wrinkles. Normal skin types are also easier to care for than other skin types.

If your skin is a normal skin type, you just need to use a water-based moisturizer that is light and non-sticky to maintain the skin's natural moisture.

4. Sensitive skin

Sensitive skin is often characterized by itchy, burning, dry, and red skin. To treat or treat sensitive skin, you can follow the following skin care steps:

  • Recognizing and avoiding factors that trigger skin irritation, such as hot or cold temperatures, exposure to dust, or irritating chemicals
  • Using cleansers with natural ingredients that are good for sensitive skin, such as aloe vera, chamomile, or green tea
  • Avoid products that contain alcohol, soap, fragrance, and acidic substances
  • Choose products specifically for sensitive skin that are labeled hypoallergenic

In addition, owners of sensitive skin should also choose products with low chemical content. This is because the fewer chemicals contained, the lower the risk of skin irritation that may occur.

5. Combination skin

This skin type can be classified as dry or normal in some areas, but oily in the nose, forehead and chin area. Combination skin usually looks shiny with larger pores and is prone to blackheads.

You need to be more careful when treating combination skin, because oily and dry or normal areas have to be cleaned in different ways. Here are some steps to treat combination skin that you can do:

  • Using special care products for oily skin on oily skin
  • Use moisturizer only on dry or normal skin
  • Choose products that contain alpha hydroxy acids (AHA) and beta hydroxy acids (BHA)
  • Avoid products containing alcohol or fragrance

In addition to some of the special ways above, general skin care is also important for all skin types, namely using sunscreen, not smoking, drinking water, cleaning your face before going to bed, and avoiding direct sunlight.You also need to have sufficient intake of nutrients, such as vitamins, minerals, protein, he althy fats, and antioxidants, so that the skin is always he althy.

If you have skin problems or are still confused about how to treat your skin according to its type, you can consult a dermatologist.

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