Table of contents:
- How does gum disease increase the risk of cardiovascular disease?
- Maintaining He althy Gums and Mouth
Cardiovascular disease or diseases that attack the heart and blood vessels generally occur due to narrowing of blood vessels, heart rhythm disturbances, or congenital heart defects. But apart from that, this dangerous disease can also occur due to gum and tooth disease
Medical experts have long studied the relationship between gum disease and cardiovascular disease. From several studies, it was found that gum disease, such as gingivitis or periodontitis, and improper dental cleaning habits can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease.
How does gum disease increase the risk of cardiovascular disease?
Gum disease can cause swelling and inflammation of the gums. This condition is generally caused by a bacterial infection. If not treated properly, the bacteria found in the gums can spread to the blood vessels of the heart, causing inflammation of the blood vessels.
This condition can trigger the formation of plaque and narrowing of blood vessels called atherosclerosis. When it occurs in the blood vessels of the heart and brain, this inflammation can increase the risk of heart disease and stroke.
In addition, inflammation and the spread of bacteria from the gums to the heart can also cause heart valve disease.
Therefore, if you experience symptoms of gum disease, such as swollen, bleeding gums, persistent bad breath, pain when chewing, loose and sensitive teeth, or gums covering the crown of your teeth, immediately visit a dentist for treatment.
Maintaining He althy Gums and Mouth
Maintaining dental and oral he alth is not only important to avoid dental and gum disease, but also prevent other he alth problems, including cardiovascular disease.
There are many he althy habits you can do to keep your gums and mouth clean, including:
- Routinely brush your teeth twice a day, using toothpaste that contains fluoride.
- Cleaning between teeth with dental floss (flossing), at least once a day.
- Using mouthwash (mouthwash) to reduce germs that cause dental problems and keep your breath fresh.
- Routinely check your teeth and gums to the dentist, at least every 6 months.
In addition to keeping your gums and mouth clean, to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, you also need to live a he althy lifestyle by quitting smoking, reducing alcohol consumption, exercising regularly, and maintaining an ideal body weight.