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Different types of diseases can attack the female reproductive system. Some of these diseases are even at risk of complicating pregnancy later in life. For this reason, it is important for women to be aware of diseases that can interfere with their plans to have children
Some types of female reproductive diseases that can complicate pregnancy are endometriosis, fibroids, and polycystic ovary syndrome. In addition, sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and pelvic inflammation are also known to trigger fertility problems.
Diseases That Can Disrupt the Female Reproductive System
Below is an explanation of various female reproductive diseases that pose a risk of complicating pregnancy.
Endometriosis occurs when the tissue that should line the uterine wall actually grows outside the uterus, such as the ovaries, fallopian tubes, vagina, and can even reach other organs in the body. If not treated immediately, over time it will cause inflammation, cysts, scar tissue formation, to infertility (infertility).
Until now, there is no specific treatment for endometriosis. Treatment for endometriosis is generally aimed at alleviating the symptoms experienced, slowing the growth of abnormal tissue, and increasing fertility. If these methods of treatment are not effective, your doctor may suggest surgery.
Myoma is a noncancerous growth of tissue in the uterus. The growth of this tissue generally does not affect the process of pregnancy. However, there are some cases of fibroids where the location of their growth can cause infertility or miscarriage.
If the fibroid growth is known to be risky to complicate pregnancy later in life, the doctor may suggest surgery to remove it.
3. Polycystic ovary syndrome
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) or polycystic ovary syndrome is a form of hormonal disorder in women that can complicate pregnancy. This syndrome can be recognized by irregular menstrual cycles, acne breakouts, and excessive hair growth.
Until now, effective treatment methods to treat polycystic ovary syndrome have not been found. Existing treatment is more aimed at controlling the symptoms that arise due to the syndrome.To increase the chances of pregnancy, PCOS sufferers need to undergo regular treatment, under the supervision of a gynecologist.
4. Pelvic inflammation
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) occurs when the upper reproductive tract, such as the uterus, cervix, ovaries, and fallopian tubes, becomes inflamed due to a bacterial infection from the vagina. If not treated promptly, pelvic inflammatory disease can lead to serious complications that complicate pregnancy, such as the appearance of scar tissue in the reproductive system.
This bacterial infection can be treated with antibiotics. Patients are advised to complete the treatment period completely, in order to reduce the risk of other, more serious complications.
5. Sexually transmitted infections
Clamydia and gonorrhea are sexually transmitted infections that are often associated with infertility, especially in women. The reason is, women often do not experience the typical symptoms when suffering from this infection, so it is too late to get treatment.
Without proper treatment, chlamydia and gonorrhea can spread from the vagina to the uterus. In more severe cases, this infection can progress to pelvic inflammation and complicate pregnancy.
To detect the disease and determine whether a woman can still have children or not, an examination by a doctor is needed, one of which is a fertility test.
Diseases in the female reproductive organs cannot be underestimated and need to be addressed immediately. If you have symptoms of the disease, you should consult a doctor to get the treatment needed, especially to maintain reproductive function so that you can get pregnant in the future.