Table of contents:
- Indications for Appendicitis Surgery
- Benefits of Appendicitis Surgery
- Treatment After Appendicitis Surgery
Appendectomy is a procedure to remove an inflamed or infected appendix. This operation is generally necessary to prevent the appendix from bursting and the various dangerous complications that can occur
Appendicitis or appendicitis can be experienced by anyone, but most often occurs in the 10-30 year age group. However, children and the elderly, pregnant women, immunosuppressed patients and comorbid diseases, as well as people with a history of abdominal surgery, have a higher risk of complications.
Appendicitis can lead to complications in the form of a ruptured appendix and the formation of an abscess or a buildup of pus around the appendix tissue. If not operated on, appendicitis with complications can be life threatening.
Therefore, it is important to know what are the indications for surgical removal of the appendix and its benefits for the body, especially for groups of individuals who are more vulnerable.
Indications for Appendicitis Surgery
When the appendix becomes inflamed and swollen due to infection, the bacteria in it can quickly multiply and form pus. Inflammation due to infection is what causes pain in the lower right abdomen and often spreads throughout the abdomen.
The pain of appendicitis usually gets worse in a matter of hours and gets worse when you cough, sneeze, walk, or take deep breaths.
In addition to sudden severe abdominal pain, some other indications of appendicitis that require treatment for appendicitis include:
- Stiff stomach muscles
- Unable to walk
- Vomiting constantly
- Diarrhea or constipation
If you experience symptoms of appendicitis as mentioned above, seek medical attention as soon as possible to prevent complications of appendicitis that may occur.
Benefits of Appendicitis Surgery
The operation to remove the appendix or appendectomy has various benefits, even this operation can be used as a preventive measure even though appendicitis is not accompanied by complications. This is because removing the appendix is considered safer and the benefits outweigh the risk of rupturing the appendix.
The surgical removal of the appendix aims to prevent various complications that can occur, especially if the inflamed appendix has ruptured.
If the appendix bursts, all the bacteria, dirt, and harmful substances in it will spread throughout the abdominal area and can cause a serious infection in the abdominal cavity called perionitis. This condition is considered a medical emergency that is life-threatening and requires immediate surgery.
This procedure can be performed using open surgery or laparoscopic techniques, which generally have various advantages compared to open surgery, such as less pain after surgery and minimal scarring.
Treatment After Appendicitis Surgery
One of the advantages of appendectomy is that the recovery time tends to be short and most people recover without any long-term complications. If the surgical procedure is performed without any complications, you may be able to be discharged from the hospital within 24 hours.
During the first few days after surgery, you will experience temporary pain that can be relieved by taking painkillers and drinking plenty of fluids.
Complete recovery from surgery generally takes about 4–6 weeks. During recovery time, doctors usually recommend limiting strenuous physical activity so that the body can recover faster.
However, if you experience signs of infection, such as the surgical wound becoming red, swollen, getting sicker, vomiting, high fever, loss of appetite, stomach cramps, and diarrhea or constipation that lasts more than 2 days, immediately consult a doctor so that he can be treated appropriately.
If the results of the examination state that you need to undergo appendectomy, do not hesitate to ask the doctor further about the surgical procedure and the risks that may occur.