5 Types of Natural Food Coloring and How to Make It

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5 Types of Natural Food Coloring and How to Make It
5 Types of Natural Food Coloring and How to Make It

Natural food coloring is known to be safer to use when compared to artificial food coloring. Not only safe, this type of dye from natural ingredients can also provide many he alth benefits, because of the various nutritional content in it

There are two types of dyes that are often used for food or beverages, namely artificial food coloring and natural food coloring. Synthetic or artificial food coloring made from chemical compounds used in excess can trigger various he alth problems, such as allergic reactions and cancer.

5 Types of Natural Food Coloring and How to Make Them - Alodokter

Meanwhile, natural food coloring comes from natural ingredients, such as vegetable, fruit or plant extracts. Based on research, natural food coloring can provide better color than artificial coloring and can add flavor to food.

Various Sources of Natural Food Coloring

Not only safe for consumption, the use of natural food coloring is also believed to have a positive impact on human he alth because it has anti-inflammatory, anticancer, antidiabetic, and anti-cholesterol effects.

The following are some sources of natural food coloring that you can use:

1. Anthocyanins

Anthocyanins are a source of natural dyes found in the flowers, fruit, or leaves of a plant, such as rosella flowers, telang flowers, and sweet potatoes. When used, anthocyanins can give food red, blue, and purple colors.

Not only gives color, anthocyanins are also efficacious to protect the body from the dangers of free radicals, such as cell damage and cancer.

2. Betacyanin

In addition to anthocyanins, you can get red and purple colors in foods from betacyanins. You can use this compound to add color to ice cream, jam, pudding, drinks, to yogurt. Betacyanin is widely contained in dragon fruit and beetroot.

3. Carotenoids

Other sources of natural food coloring are carotenoids consisting of astaxanthin, lutein, and lycopene. These pigments can give red, yellow, and orange colors, and are known to be high in antioxidants and vitamin A. You can get carotenoids from tomatoes and carrots.

4. Chlorophyll

Chlorophyll is a natural source of green coloring found in plants, such as vegetables or leaves. Thanks to its high antioxidants, chlorophyll also has anti-inflammatory and anticancer effects.To use chlorophyll as a natural food coloring, you can use pandan leaves and suji leaves.

5. Oleoresin

The type of oleoresin that is often used as a natural food coloring is turmeric oleoresin. As the name implies, you can find turmeric oleoresin in turmeric. This compound can be used to produce a yellow color in foods, such as yellow rice.

How To Make Natural Food Coloring

Natural dyes from food ingredients are quite easy to get. In fact, you can make it yourself at home by doing the following steps:

  • Select the type of fruit, leaf, or vegetable according to the type of color you want
  • Take the extract by boiling it or puree it with a blender
  • Natural food coloring extract is ready to use

It is important to note that the use of natural food coloring may not produce as strong a color as synthetic dyes. So, if you want food with a strong color, you need to use natural coloring in sufficient quantities.

Given the adverse effects of artificial food coloring on he alth, you should avoid consuming foods that use these dyes. If conditions require you to use synthetic dyes, make sure the product is safe and has been registered with BPOM.

If you want to know more about natural food coloring, don't hesitate to consult a nutritionist or doctor. That way, you can be more careful in choosing he althy foods and of course safe for consumption.

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