Recognizing the Causes of Maternal Death during Pregnancy and Childbirth

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Recognizing the Causes of Maternal Death during Pregnancy and Childbirth
Recognizing the Causes of Maternal Death during Pregnancy and Childbirth
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There are various causes of maternal death during pregnancy and childbirth. So that pregnant women (pregnant mothers) can avoid it, let's identify the causes and factors that can increase the risk of maternal death

According to the World He alth Organization or the World He alth Organization (WHO), maternal death is defined as death that occurs during pregnancy or within 42 days after delivery. In Indonesia, the Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) is still relatively high. Based on 2012 data, the maternal mortality rate is quite high, which is around 359 per 100,000 per birth.

Recognize the Causes of Maternal Death during Pregnancy and Childbirth - Alodokter

Some Causes of Maternal Death

The following are some of the causes of maternal death that you need to know:

1. Post partum hemorrhage (PPH)

In developed countries, postpartum hemorrhage or bleeding after delivery is the most common cause of maternal death. Bleeding after delivery can usually occur within a day or in a matter of weeks after delivery. Post partum bleeding is characterized by continuous bleeding from the vagina. If left untreated, bleeding after delivery will lead to shock and organ failure.

Bleeding after giving birth can be caused by several things, namely:

  • Uncontracted uterine muscles (uterine atony).
  • Birth canal wounds, such as incisions in the perineum due to an episiotomy.
  • Remains of placental tissue left in the uterus (retention of the placenta).
  • Disorders in the blood clotting process.
  • Ruptured uterus (uterine rupture).

2. Preeclampsia and eclampsia

Pregnancy complications, such as preeclampsia and eclampsia, can also increase the risk of death during pregnancy. Preeclampsia is characterized by high blood pressure, the presence of protein in the urine, and in advanced stages, organ damage will occur.

When preeclampsia does not get proper treatment, eclampsia will occur. Eclampsia is preeclampsia accompanied by seizures. This condition is dangerous and needs to be treated immediately.

The risk of preeclampsia is higher in women who are pregnant for the first time, pregnant women under 20 years old or over 40 years old, are overweight, kidney disease, or diabetes, have a family history of high blood pressure, or pregnant with twins.

3. History of certain diseases

Diseases experienced before and during pregnancy can also increase the risk of maternal death during pregnancy. Especially if the condition is not handled properly. The diseases in question include kidney disease, cancer, heart disease, tuberculosis, malaria, and HIV/AIDS.

4. Sepsis

Sepsis that occurs during pregnancy or after delivery can cause maternal death. This is because sepsis that is not treated properly will progress to septic shock. When experiencing septic shock, the kidneys, liver, and lungs can be damaged quickly.

To reduce the risk of maternal death during pregnancy, as much as possible carry out routine pregnancy check-ups and control to the doctor. In addition, apply a he althy lifestyle, both before pregnancy, during pregnancy, and after giving birth.

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