Table of contents:
- Signs of Premature Childbirth that You Need to Know
- Risk Factors for Premature Childbirth
- How to Prevent Premature Labor
Pregnancy that every woman goes through is different, including when delivery arrives. Based on several conditions, pregnant women can give birth prematurely or commonly called premature labor. Come on, recognize the signs of giving birth prematurely so you can anticipate them
Normally, labor will occur when the pregnancy is 40 weeks old. However, in preterm labor, your body is already starting to prepare for delivery before 37 weeks of pregnancy.
Signs of Premature Childbirth that You Need to Know
In general, the signs of premature birth are not much different from the signs of giving birth in general. Here are some signs that your body is preparing to give birth prematurely:
1. Experiencing contractions many times
The occurrence of contractions many times when the gestational age is less than 37 weeks can be a sign that you will give birth prematurely. These contractions are in the form of a tugging feeling in the abdomen that is accompanied by pain, and the complaint does not go away even though you have changed positions. Within an hour, contractions can occur as much as 5 times or more.
2. Experiencing cramps like during menstruation
The next thing that can be a sign of premature birth is experiencing lower abdominal cramps like during menstruation. The abdominal cramps you feel may come and go or occur constantly.
3. Vaginal fluid production increases
The next sign is increased vaginal fluid production. Some pregnant women even find blood coming out of the vagina when experiencing signs of premature birth.
4. Vaginal discharge
In addition to increased vaginal fluid production, vaginal discharge can also be a sign of premature delivery. This condition can indicate that your water has broken.
5. Pain in the lower back
Another sign of premature delivery is back pain that you have never felt before. The pain may come and go or persist and be accompanied by pressure in the pelvis. This pressure feels like a baby pushing out.
If you experience some of the signs described above, immediately check your pregnancy with the nearest doctor or midwife. The goal is that you immediately get the right treatment.
Risk Factors for Premature Childbirth
The reason why babies are born prematurely is not known for certain. Preterm labor can occur in any pregnant woman, but the risk is higher in the following circumstances:
- Being too thin or too fat before getting pregnant.
- Living an unhe althy lifestyle, such as smoking, drinking alcohol, or using drugs.
- Has a pregnancy gap that is too close.
- Suffering from certain diseases, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and blood clotting disorders.
- Containing twins.
- Has a history of preterm delivery or a family history of it.
- Not paying attention to pregnancy, such as not regularly going to the doctor or not taking the vitamins recommended by
How to Prevent Premature Labor
To prevent the signs of premature labor from continuing that you are experiencing, there are several things you can do, namely:
- When complaints or signs of premature labor appear, empty your bladder and don't hold back the urge to urinate. However, make sure to keep drinking a few glasses of water to prevent dehydration.
- As much as possible avoid sleeping on your back, because this can trigger contractions. Instead, lie down on your side to your left side. This position can relieve or stop the signs of preterm labor.
If the signs of premature birth do not go away or are getting worse, go to the doctor immediately. The doctor will conduct an examination to determine the action to be taken.
Some of the checks that will be carried out include checking the fetal heart rate, contractions that occur, amniotic fluid, uterine opening, and ultrasound to ensure the he alth condition of you and your fetus.
From the results of the examination, the doctor may give some medicines to stop the complaints you feel. This will be adjusted according to your condition.
If the signs of premature delivery persist and the fetus becomes unstable, the doctor will usually start the labor process to deliver the baby, either by normal delivery or by caesarean section.