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Mumps is a contagious disease that often attacks children. Parents need to know the right way of treatment so that mumps in children can be resolved properly
Mumps is caused by a viral infection of the paramyxovirus family. This virus can be spread through splashes of saliva and mucus when someone with mumps coughs or sneezes. The use of eating utensils that have been contaminated with the virus can also transmit mumps. Children with weak or declining immune systems are more susceptible to getting mumps.
Mumps Symptoms in Children
Generally the symptoms of mumps are only seen two weeks after the child is exposed to the virus. Symptoms of this disease vary, but the most typical is the swelling of the salivary glands, either on one or both sides of the face.
Other symptoms that may also be felt when a child has mumps, including:
- High fever
- Loss of appetite
- The mouth feels dry
- Pain when chewing or swallowing food
- stomach pain
Home Care for Children with Mumps
Mumps will generally heal by itself after the child's immune system successfully fights the virus that causes infection. Giving drugs only to treat symptoms, for example paracetamol to relieve symptoms of fever and pain.
Here are some other steps that can be taken to relieve the symptoms and pain experienced by children with mumps, namely:
- Making sure children consume lots of water. The goal is to prevent dehydration due to fever.
- Compress the swollen gland area with a warm compress or a cold compress to relieve pain.
- Ensuring children get enough rest.
- Give your child soft, easy-to-swallow food, such as porridge or soup.
- Avoid giving your child acidic foods or drinks, such as orange, lemon, or pineapple juice, as this can make the pain worse.
In addition to the treatment of mumps in children, what is no less important to know is its prevention, namely through the provision of the MMR vaccine (mumps, measles, rubella). Children can be given this immunization from the age of 15 months.
Although rare, mumps can cause serious problems, such as inflammation of the testicles (orchitis), inflammation of the pancreas, and inflammation of the lining of the brain. Therefore, if mumps in children does not improve with treatment at home, immediately consult a doctor.