5 Types of Over-the-counter Toothache Medicines and Guidelines for Taking Them

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5 Types of Over-the-counter Toothache Medicines and Guidelines for Taking Them
5 Types of Over-the-counter Toothache Medicines and Guidelines for Taking Them

Toothache often appears suddenly. To overcome this, you can take toothache medicine that can be purchased freely at pharmacies. In addition to relieving unbearable pain, these various toothache remedies can be your first aid before you see a dentist

Toothache can be caused by various things, ranging from abscesses, gum infections, tooth decay, or impacted teeth. If a toothache strikes, you may experience a throbbing tooth, swelling around the tooth, a fever or a headache.

5 Types of Over-the-counter Toothache Medicines and Guidelines for Taking Them - Alodokter

When a tooth hurts, most people choose to take over-the-counter toothache medicine to relieve the pain, before consulting a dentist. However, make sure you know the effectiveness of the medicines and how to use them before taking the toothache medicine.

Various Types of Toothache Medicines that are Freely Sold

There is nothing wrong with taking over-the-counter toothache medicines at pharmacies. In general, these drugs are only used to relieve pain, not to treat the cause of toothache.

The following are some toothache medicines that are sold freely and can be obtained without a doctor's prescription:

1. Paracetamol

Paracetamol is the most common toothache medication and can be used to relieve toothache in adults and children. However, make sure to choose a special paracetamol for children if you want to give it to your little one who has a toothache.

2. Hydrogen peroxide

Hydrogen peroxide is an ingredient specifically used as a mouthwash. In addition to killing bacteria, this ingredient can also relieve pain and inflammation in the teeth, reduce plaque and heal bleeding gums. But keep in mind, this mouthwash is only used as an external medicine and should not be swallowed.

3. Ibuprofen

Ibuprofen is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) and is the most popular type of toothache medication. This drug is effective and safe in reducing inflammation which is the main cause of toothache.

However, long-term use of ibuprofen is not recommended because it can cause irritation to the stomach, kidneys and liver. In addition, ibuprofen should not be used by people taking aspirin, blood thinners, or corticosteroids.

4. mefenamic acid

Mefenamic acid or ponstan is also classified as a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) which functions to relieve pain and inflammation. This drug is often used as a toothache medicine and is sold over-the-counter in pharmacies in the form of capsules, tablets, and solutions.

5. Benzocaine gel or mouthwash

Benzocaine gel or mouthwash is a toothache medicine that aims to provide an immune feeling in the area of ​​​​the aching tooth. This drug is sold over the counter in pharmacies and can only be used for a short period of time. The use of this medicine is not recommended for children under 2 years.

6. Clove Oil

Clove oil is a natural toothache remedy that is also quite popular. Its use is quite easy. You just need to apply clove oil to the aching tooth a few times a day. Another way is to moisten a cotton swab with clove oil and bite it near the aching tooth.

Guide to Toothache Medication

Although easy to obtain, there are still guidelines that must be followed when taking over-the-counter medicines for toothache, including:

  • Consult your doctor first before taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
  • Consume toothache medicine according to the dose written on the medicine package, because exaggerating the dose will not make you recover faster
  • Always read the instructions for using the medicine listed on the package
  • Don't take drugs that have caused you allergies
  • Pregnant and breastfeeding women are not advised to take toothache medicine other than paracetamol, unless prescribed by a doctor

Besides taking over-the-counter toothache medicine, there are several ways to treat toothache that you can do yourself at home, including:

  • Avoid drinks and foods that are too cold, too hot, or too sweet
  • Compressing the cheek on the affected tooth area with ice wrapped in a towel or cotton cloth
  • gargle with s alt water to treat mild toothache

Keep in mind that over-the-counter toothache medications are only needed to relieve tooth pain.

If the toothache doesn't go away after two days or it gets worse, don't hesitate to go to the dentist to get the most effective toothache medicine. Especially if your toothache is accompanied by a fever, even difficulty breathing or swallowing.

You should also consult a doctor before taking over-the-counter toothache medications, especially if you have certain medical conditions.

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