5 Skin Diseases Adults Need to Watch Out for

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5 Skin Diseases Adults Need to Watch Out for
5 Skin Diseases Adults Need to Watch Out for

Many people think that people with skin diseases are people who don't keep their bodies clean. Whereas various conditions, such as infection, contact with irritants or allergens, or chronic skin conditions, can cause skin diseases, especially in adults

Skin diseases often last for a long time (chronic). People with skin diseases need treatment and care to relieve symptoms and prevent them from coming back. Examples of common skin diseases in adults are eczema, psoriasis, herpes zoster, urticaria, and rosacea.

5 Skin Diseases That Adults Need to Watch Out for - Alodokter

Besides, this skin disease often occurs on the limbs that are easily visible, thus creating a negative stigma from the people around them. This of course will affect the mental he alth of people with skin diseases.

Various Skin Diseases That Often Occur in Adults

Many people do not understand that skin diseases are not only caused by hygiene factors, but also a person's he alth condition.

Here are various types of skin diseases that often occur in adults:

1. Herpes zoster

One of the most common skin diseases affecting adults is herpes zoster. This disease generally appears in adults who have a history of chickenpox.

This skin disease is characterized by the appearance of a small rash accompanied by blisters.In addition, the sufferer's skin will also feel sore, itchy, or very sensitive. Herpes zoster most often attacks the body or buttocks, although it is possible to appear on other parts of the body.

A person will usually experience shingles for two weeks. However, pain, numbness, and itching can last for months or even a lifetime. This condition is usually treated with antiviral drugs, corticosteroids, or antidepressants as prescribed by the doctor.

2. Urticaria

Urticaria, also known as hives, is a skin disease that is usually caused by extreme temperatures, infections, and allergies. This skin disease is characterized by the appearance of itching, welts, or rashes. Urticaria can appear in one part of the body or spread widely on the body.

Treatment of urticaria is usually done by giving antihistamines, especially if the itching is very bothersome. For severe urticaria, doctors will usually give prednisone which can reduce the severity of symptoms.

3. Psoriasis

Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease of the skin that is usually characterized by red, scaly patches on the elbows, knees, and lower back. This disease causes itching or pain in the affected skin.

Although for some adults do not feel a significant effect of psoriasis, some other sufferers think this skin disease interferes with their activities. This disease also has the potential to recur or persist for life.

To relieve the symptoms that appear, there are several treatments that can be done, including:

  • Give a cream or ointment containing corticosteroids, salicylic acid, and vitamin D
  • Systemic therapy with drugs that suppress the immune system, such as methotrexate and cyclosporin
  • Applying moisturizer
  • light therapy

If psoriasis often recurs or gets worse, this disease needs to be further examined and treated by a dermatologist.

4. Eczema

Other skin diseases are eczema or atopic dermatitis. This disease is characterized by the appearance of an inflamed and itchy rash. Eczema can occur anywhere, but usually affects the arms, elbows, behind the knees, cheeks, and scalp.

The cause of this skin disease is not fully known. However, it is strongly suspected that this is related to an overactive immune system and heredity.

So far, the only treatment available is to reduce the symptoms. This treatment can be in the form of giving antihistamines, light therapy, to lifestyle changes. In addition, eczema sufferers are also prohibited from scratching the skin to prevent wounds and infections.

5. Rosacea

Rosacea is a skin disease characterized by chronic inflammation of the facial area. In addition to inflammation, the symptoms of rosacea can also be:

  • Face skin is red, dry and scaly
  • Blood vessels in cheeks and nose burst
  • Small bumps (papules)
  • Small pus-filled spots (pustules) resembling pimples
  • Nose enlarged
  • Disorders of the eyes and eyelids

The cause of skin disease rosacea is not known for certain. However, the disease is thought to run in families or is caused by an overreaction of the body's immune system to a bacterial infection.

In addition, there are several things that are thought to worsen the symptoms of this disease, such as the consumption of spicy foods and foods that contain cinnamaldehyde, such as cinnamon, chocolate, tomatoes, and oranges, or infection with Heliobacter pylori bacteria and skin mites.

To control the symptoms of rosacea, doctors usually give topical or oral medications in the form of isotretinoin and antibiotics.Patients with rosacea are also advised to avoid triggering factors for symptoms, avoid direct sun exposure, and wear moisturizers and sunscreen when doing activities in the hot sun.

If you suffer from any of the skin diseases mentioned above, please consult your doctor to get the best treatment. This is because some of these skin diseases can heal on their own, but some are persistent and often reappear if not treated.

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