Table of contents:
Traffic accidents can happen anytime and anywhere. Therefore, every traffic user needs to know how to give first aid to accident victims. Because the slightest help you give can save the lives of those who are victims
When you see a traffic accident, the first thing you should do is stay calm and make sure that you are safe first. Once you are safe, identify your surroundings and see if there are victims who need first aid or not.
First aid for traffic accident victims is very important. Although it is only temporary, the help you provide can prevent the victim's condition from getting worse.
Method of Aid for Traffic Accident Victims
Aid to victims of traffic accidents should not be done carelessly, because mistakes in doing so can risk aggravating the injury or condition of the victim. Therefore, you need to know the right and safe way to provide first aid for traffic accident victims.
The method of aid for victims of traffic accidents generally uses the DRSABC principle, which stands for Danger, Response, Shout, Airway, Breathing, Circulation.
The following are the procedures and stages of first aid for traffic accident victims based on the DRSABC method:
Make sure you are in a non-hazardous location and condition. For example, when you and the victim are still in the middle of a busy street, try to take the victim to the side of the road. Make sure the surrounding vehicles have stopped before you give help.
If the position of your vehicle is exactly behind the vehicle that was involved in an accident or there is a vehicle that stops behind it, ask to turn on the hazard lights. This is important to do to avoid further accidents.
When lifting the patient, be careful and as much as possible not to bend or shift the victim's neck to prevent injury to the neck or spinal cord in the neck.
Check the victim's level of consciousness by gently tapping their shoulder and asking short questions, such as "What's your name?" or “Can you open your eyes?”
Check whether the victim is able to respond to your call or not responding at all. If there is no response, pay attention to whether the victim's chest or abdomen is moving up and down.
You can also place your finger in front of the victim's nostrils to check for exhalation. After that, check the pulse on the victim's neck or wrist to make sure his heart is still beating.
S (shout for help)
Immediately contact medical assistance or the nearest hospital so that the victim can be given further assistance. When calling for help, provide information regarding the number of victims who were injured and the condition of the victims. For example, whether the victim is bleeding profusely or has difficulty breathing,.
The emergency numbers to call are 118 to call an ambulance and 112 to call the police.
While waiting for the arrival of medical personnel, if possible you can use the ABC method to help victims of traffic accidents. Here is the explanation:
This help is done to open the victim's airway. The trick is to place your hand on the forehead, then slowly lift the victim's chin. This step is usually used when the victim is unresponsive or unconscious.
After opening the airway, make sure the victim is really still breathing. Check his breathing by looking at the movement of the chest up and down and hearing the sound of his breathing.
If the victim is unconscious but still breathing, slowly turn her body. However, make sure the position of the head, neck, and spine remains straight. Monitor the victim's breathing until medical personnel arrive.
The next help that can be given is to do chest compressions or also known as CPR. This help can be done if there are no signs of the victim's breathing or when the pulse stops.
If the victim is an adult, place one hand on the center of the victim's chest and the other hand on top of the first hand. Apply pressure to the chest at a rate of 1–2 pressures per second until the victim responds.
However, if the victim is a baby, just press the chest with two fingers slowly and not too hard. Do this until the baby responds by moving or crying.
Remember, this help is best done if you really understand how. If the action you give is wrong, it is feared that it could worsen the victim's condition.
Knowledge about first aid for traffic accident victims is very important to have as a personal provision, both to be used for oneself and to help others.
After providing first aid to victims of traffic accidents, you should still take the victim to the nearest hospital for further treatment.If the injury is minor, the victim still needs to be advised to see a doctor so that an examination can be carried out to make sure his condition is fine.