Safe Exercise Choice for Asthma Sufferers

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Safe Exercise Choice for Asthma Sufferers
Safe Exercise Choice for Asthma Sufferers
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Exercise should still be done regularly, regardless of the medical conditions you experience, including asthma. In order to stay safe and provide optimal effects, there are several types of exercise that people with asthma can do

Asthma is a long-term respiratory disorder in which sufferers can feel sudden shortness of breath, chest pain, wheezing, and coughing. Asthma is caused by swelling of the walls of the airways (bronchi) that carry air in and out of the lungs.

Safe Exercise Options for Asthma Sufferers - Alodokter

There are various kinds of asthma triggers, including:

  • Dust
  • Animal fur
  • Cigarette smoke
  • Chemicals, as in perfume
  • Flower pollen
  • Infections, such as the flu

Exercise or physical activity that is too strenuous can also cause asthma. Considering the risk of exercise for asthma attacks, choosing the right exercise is an important thing to pay attention to.

What is the Relationship between Asthma and Exercise?

When breathing normally, the incoming air is warmed and humidified by the nasal passages. But when exercising, people tend to breathe through their mouths. The cold and dry air that is inhaled is not warmed either.

Well, the muscles around the airways become sensitive to changes in temperature and humidity. As a result, the muscles in the airways contract and the airway narrows. This is what can eventually cause asthma.

Even if you have asthma, it is not recommended that you leave sports altogether. According to research, exercise actually has a positive effect on asthmatics.

There were no negative effects, such as an increase in asthma symptoms or the frequency of asthma attacks, for those who did certain types of exercise. By doing exercise, asthma symptoms are reduced, the quality of life of asthma sufferers will also increase.

Asthma attacks when exercising occur if the physical activity is too strenuous or asthma is not controlled. The risk of this happening tends to be lower if the sufferer is physically and mentally prepared, and uses the appropriate asthma medication.

What sports are suitable for people with asthma?

If you suffer from asthma, it is recommended to choose a type of exercise with a light intensity, a period of time that is not too long, and does not exert too much force.

Here are some types of exercise you can do:

1. walk

Research shows that walking three times a week for 12 weeks can control asthma and improve physical fitness without triggering asthma symptoms. Try a 30-minute walk accompanied by a five-minute warm-up and cool-down.

2. Yoga

According to a study, doing Hatha yoga 2.5 hours per week for 10 weeks can help improve quality of life and reduce the risk of recurrence of symptoms in people with asthma.

3. Cycling

Please note that leisurely cycling does not trigger asthma. However, it's different if you cycle at a speed of 30 km/h or cycle on difficult terrain, such as mountains.

4. Swim

This exercise builds the muscles used for breathing and allows the lungs to get lots of warm and moist air. However, it is not recommended to swim too long or too often because chlorine in swimming pool water is suspected to trigger asthma attacks.

5. Sports using rackets

This type of exercise allows you to take regular breaks. You can control the pace of the game as well as take breaks and drink water at any time. The intensity of the exercise can also be reduced if you play in pairs. The types of racquet sports that are good for asthma are tennis, squash, badminton, and baseball.

6. Run

Another type of sport is short-distance running. This type of exercise is known not to trigger asthma attacks. The type of running sport that is known to trigger asthma is marathon running.

The recommended maximum running distance for asthma sufferers is about 1.5 km with a maximum running duration of 10 minutes.

7. Volleyball

Volleyball doesn't require too much running and there are other players who help the game. In fact, hitting the ball in volleyball doesn't involve too much movement.

Some sports do exist that tend to trigger asthma symptoms, such as football, basketball, or long-distance running. It's best to avoid these sports if you have asthma.

If you experience asthma symptoms while exercising, stop exercising immediately and then use an inhaler or asthma medication appropriately to relieve an asthma attack. Also make sure to follow the treatment instructions that your doctor recommends.

The quality of life of people with asthma can generally improve if they regularly exercise, take medicines according to doctor's prescription, and monitor symptoms and lung function regularly to the doctor.

Don't stop doing safe physical activities just because you have asthma. However, it's a good idea to consult with your doctor first to determine which type of exercise is appropriate for your condition.

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