7 Ways to Treat Diabetic Wounds

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7 Ways to Treat Diabetic Wounds
7 Ways to Treat Diabetic Wounds

Diabetic wounds have a longer healing period than wounds in he althy people. If not treated properly, diabetic wounds can continue to spread and increase the risk of amputation. So, what is the right way to treat diabetic wounds?

The cause of long diabetic wound healing is blood sugar levels that are too high. This can damage nerves, lower the immune system, and cause poor blood circulation, thereby hindering the repair process of damaged body tissues.

7 Ways to Treat Diabetic Wounds - Alodokter

This causes wounds in diabetics to remain open, wet, and difficult to heal. Wounds that do not heal make diabetics more susceptible to fungal and bacterial infections, as well as gangrene.

How to Treat Diabetic Wounds

Slow healing of diabetic wounds can increase the risk of amputation if not treated properly. You can take the following steps to treat diabetic wounds:

1. Clean the wound every day

The first step you can take to treat diabetic wounds is to clean the wound every day. Use running water and soap, then pat dry and apply the antibiotic ointment recommended by your doctor. Avoid soaking the injured body part because it can increase the risk of infection.

2. Reduce the pressure on the wound

Avoid applying pressure to the injured area, for example by not wearing tight clothing. The reduced pressure allows diabetic wounds not to get worse and heal faster.

If the wound is on the sole of the foot, it is better to use shoes designed for diabetics or foot supports so as not to aggravate the damage caused by diabetic wounds.

3. Cover the diabetic wound with a bandage

Although many people think that wounds should be left open, experts believe that diabetic wounds should be covered with a bandage to prevent the risk of infection and speed up healing.

However, make sure you choose the appropriate bandage recommended by the doctor.

4. Control blood sugar level

Uncontrolled blood sugar levels will complicate the healing process of diabetic wounds. Therefore, it is important to continue to control blood sugar levels by following a he althy diet, exercising, taking antidiabetic drugs, to giving insulin injections if needed.

You can consult a doctor further to control blood sugar levels.

5. Watch for signs of infection

Symptoms of infection in diabetes wounds can include pain, redness, swelling, or a warm feeling around the wound. In addition to the signs above, infection can also be characterized by sores that are watery, festering, accompanied by an unpleasant odor.

If you have an infection, be sure to clean the wound, remove dead or damaged skin tissue, take antibiotics, and apply antibiotic ointment as prescribed by the doctor.

6. Fulfill your daily nutritional intake

To speed up the healing process of diabetic wounds, it is recommended that you pay attention to your daily nutritional intake. One of the important nutrients that must be met daily to treat diabetic wounds is protein.

Protein is known to help repair damaged skin and other body tissues. In addition to protein, the need for calories, fat, fiber, vitamins and minerals, such as zinc and vitamin C, is also important to be fulfilled in order to accelerate wound healing.

7. Call the doctor

If the diabetic wound is accompanied by a burning sensation, tingling, numbness, swelling, to pain that occurs continuously, contact a doctor immediately. Later, the doctor will give advice on the best way to treat diabetic wounds. The sooner it is treated, the lower the risk of complications.

Preventing New Diabetic Wounds

To prevent the appearance of new wounds due to diabetes, you can apply the following steps:

1. Cut nails carefully

To avoid injury to the feet, be careful in cutting nails. Make sure the nail clippers you use are sharp and cut your nails straight. Ask someone else for help if you have difficulty cutting your nails.

2. Check your feet every day

Make sure you always check the condition of your feet every day, whether there are blisters, sores, redness, numbness, or swelling.Use a mirror to look under your feet if you're having trouble. In addition, make it a habit to wash your feet and dry them immediately so that your feet are always clean.

3. Wear comfortable footwear

To prevent the appearance of diabetic wounds on the feet, always wear footwear when indoors or outdoors. Choose footwear that is comfortable and has cushioning for the heel. Avoid wearing shoes that are too tight and hard, because they will only hurt your feet.

4. Stop smoking

Diabetics are advised to stop smoking. Cigarettes can cause obstruction of blood circulation and reduce the amount of oxygen throughout the body. As a result, your diabetic wound will get worse and the healing process will be slower.

During treating diabetic wounds, make regular visits to the doctor to anticipate nerve damage, poor blood circulation, or infected wounds, and so that you get faster and more appropriate treatment.

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