Beware of Unexplained Bruises and How to Treat them

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Beware of Unexplained Bruises and How to Treat them
Beware of Unexplained Bruises and How to Treat them

Brushing from an impact or a fall is normal and can get better with time. However, if you experience bruising for no apparent reason, this is something to watch out for as it could be a sign of a serious medical condition

Brush generally occurs when there is an impact or injury that makes the small blood vessels near the surface of the skin burst. This condition causes the blood in the blood vessels to leak out and fill the surrounding tissue.

Beware of unexplained bruises and how to treat them - Alodokter

However, sometimes bruising can also occur suddenly or for no apparent reason. This can be caused by activities that are too strenuous, lack of nutrition, or certain diseases.

Factors that Cause Unexplained Bruises

There are several factors that can cause bruising to appear for no reason or occur suddenly, including:

1. Exercise is too intense

Exercise that is too intense or excessive can cause the muscles to tighten strongly and cause a slight tear in the surrounding blood vessels, so that bruises appear as if for no apparent reason.

2. Nutritional deficiency

A deficiency in certain nutrients, especially vitamin K, can also be a cause of unexplained bruising. This is because vitamin K plays an important role in the process of blood clotting when bleeding occurs.

If the body lacks vitamin K, the blood will be difficult to clot and can trigger sudden bruising. Not only vitamin K, vitamin C deficiency is also thought to make a person more susceptible to sudden skin bruising.

3. Drugs

Use of blood-thinning medications and painkillers, such as ibuprofen, naproxen, and aspirin, are known to cause unexplained bruising or bruising to the skin. This is because the use of these drugs can affect the blood's clotting ability.

4. Serious medical condition

The appearance of bruising for no reason can also be a sign of a serious medical condition. Some conditions or diseases that can make a person more prone to bruising without cause are thrombocytopenia, von Willebrand's disease, hemophilia, and leukemia.

In addition, there are several other diseases that can cause bruising without cause, namely thrombophilia, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC).

Treatment of Unexplained Bruises

Brush without cause that appears due to excessive exercise, usually can subside and go away on its own through the steps of treating bruises at home. While bruises due to drugs, generally also disappear on their own after treatment is complete.

If the bruises are caused by a lack of nutrition, both vitamin C and vitamin K, this condition can be treated by taking vitamin C or vitamin K supplements, of course based on the dose prescribed by the doctor.

Meanwhile, in cases of unexplained bruises caused by certain diseases, the doctor will conduct a series of examinations to clearly determine the cause.

Usually, the doctor will do a blood test to measure the number of platelets and the time it takes for the blood to clot. After knowing the results of the diagnosis, then the doctor will provide treatment to relieve bruising according to the accompanying disease.

If bruising for no reason appears more often than usual, does not improve in 2 weeks, or there is a history of severe bleeding such as daily nosebleeds and does not stop quickly, consult a doctor immediately to get the right treatment.

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