Guide to Overcoming Bacterial Infections with Antibiotics

Table of contents:

Guide to Overcoming Bacterial Infections with Antibiotics
Guide to Overcoming Bacterial Infections with Antibiotics

Bacteria are microorganisms that can live anywhere, both inside and outside the human body. Some bacteria are harmless to he alth because they do not cause infection, but there are also types of bacteria that can cause disease. Well, to eradicate disease-causing bacteria, you need antibiotics according to a doctor's prescription

Most types of bacteria, almost about 99%, actually do not harm the human body. In fact, there are several types of bacteria that actually play an important role as probiotics to maintain the he alth of our bodies, such as supporting the digestive process of food and fighting bad bacteria that cause disease (pathogens).

Guide to Overcoming Bacterial Infections with Antibiotics - Alodokter

When attacked or infected with bad bacteria, your body can experience various diseases. In this condition, the use of antibiotics is needed to treat the infection.

However, the use of antibiotics should also not be excessive because this can cause various risks and adverse effects on he alth.

How To Fight Bacterial Infections?

There are several types of bacteria that are known to cause infection or disease in the human body, including E. coli, Streptococcus, Salmonella, and Staphylococcus.

When infecting the body, bacteria can multiply quickly. In addition, there are several types of bacteria that can also secrete toxic substances, thereby damaging the cells, tissues, or organs of the body.This is what causes bad bacteria to be harmful to the he alth of the body.

Although these bacteria can infect the body and cause disease, the human body is actually equipped with a natural immune system to anticipate and fight these infections.

It's just that, to help the body eradicate bacteria, sometimes it is necessary to use antibiotics according to a doctor's prescription.

In general, the use of these antibiotics is only used in cases of serious bacterial infections, such as severe pneumonia, meningitis, typhoid fever, tuberculosis, and sepsis.

It is important to remember, antibiotics are not useful for eradicating infections caused by other germs, such as viral infections. Meanwhile, in cases of mild bacterial infections, a strong immune system is generally able to eradicate the infection well, so antibiotics are not always needed.

The use of antibiotics that are not appropriate and excessive in killing bacteria can actually harm the he alth of the body.This is because exposure to antibiotics that are too frequent can make germs form a mechanism to adapt to antibiotics, so that these bacteria can become resistant or resistant to these antibiotics.

What Happens When Bacteria Becomes Resistant To Antibiotics?

If bacteria are resistant to antibiotics, there are several things to worry about, such as:

Risk of complications of bacterial infection

Antibiotic-resistant bacterial infection is a serious he alth problem that cannot be underestimated. If this happens, there will be many types of germs that can cause serious infections and serious complications, such as sepsis, organ damage, or even death.

According to some studies, if this continues, the death rate related to antibiotic resistance could reach around 10 million by 2050 worldwide.

Meanwhile, to eradicate these resistant bacteria, a new type of antibiotic is needed that is effective to eradicate germs.

In fact, the process of searching for and discovering new antibiotic drugs can take a long and long process. This is because these drugs must pass clinical trials before being declared safe for use in humans.

The cost of treatment is getting more expensive

In addition to the direct impact on he alth, the problem of antibiotic resistance can also have an economic impact. If resistant bacteria cannot be eliminated by conventional treatment, a newer type of antibiotic is necessary.

The latest types of antibiotic drugs to treat bacterial infections that are already resistant can have a higher price than antibiotics that are already available in generic preparations.

Developing and patenting new drugs requires long research and clinical trials and is also very expensive. As a result, the cost of treatment in he alth facilities will become increasingly expensive.

Inhibiting the process of medical action in the community

Bacteria resistance due to excessive or inappropriate use of antibiotics can also have an impact on the emergence of various complications related to medical procedures, such as organ transplants or other major surgeries.

In addition, infection with resistant germs can also be dangerous in patients undergoing certain treatments, such as chemotherapy.

Without an effective antibiotic to fight the bacteria that causes infection, the prevention and treatment of infection in this procedure will be hampered.

Antibiotic-resistant bacteria can also multiply in the human body. This can increase the risk of transmitting the bacteria in the community and this can be especially dangerous in certain groups, such as infants and young children, the elderly, and immunodeficient patients, or people with certain chronic diseases, such as diabetes.

Considering that bacterial resistance can cause bigger problems in the future, you should not rush to take antibiotics when your body feels non-specific symptoms of infection, such as cough, runny nose, diarrhea, or fever.

These symptoms could be caused by a viral infection, so you don't necessarily need antibiotics.

If you experience symptoms of a bacterial infection, especially those that do not improve or if the symptoms are getting worse, you can consult a doctor for an examination. If necessary, the doctor can give antibiotics according to the type of germ that infects and your general condition.

Popular topic