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Many people know the benefits of black pepper as a cooking spice that gives it a spicy and warm taste. However, not many know that black pepper is also beneficial for maintaining a he althy body. Come on, check out some of the he alth benefits of black pepper in this article
Black pepper (Piper nigrum) is a fruit that comes from tropical forests in India. This spice can function as a preservative and flavor enhancer in food. To get black pepper, pepper that is almost ripe is harvested, then dried until it turns black.
In traditional medicine, black pepper is widely used to relieve certain ailments, such as fever, asthma, headaches, and stomach aches. In addition, the benefits of black pepper are also believed to increase immunity and relieve pain.
Nutritional Content of Black Pepper
In 1 tablespoon of black pepper, or about 7 grams, contains 17 calories and the following nutrients:
- 1, 8 grams of fiber
- 4, 5 grams of carbohydrates
- 0, 7 grams of protein
- 30 milligrams of calcium
- 12 milligrams magnesium
- 90 milligrams of potassium
- 11 milligrams phosphorus
- 38 IU vitamin A
- 12 micrograms of vitamin K
Black pepper also contains B vitamins, folate, vitamin E, zinc, and various types of antioxidants, such as lycopene, lutein, zeaxanthin, terpenoids, alkaloids, polyphenols, and flavonoids.Not only that, black pepper also contains substances that have antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer properties.
Various Benefits of Black Pepper for He alth
Black pepper contains piperine or a natural alkaloid that plays a role in providing a spicy taste. Thanks to piperine and several other important nutrients, black pepper has a myriad of he alth benefits, including:
1. Relieves pain
Black pepper, which is rich in piperine, is known to have natural anti-inflammatory and anti-pain properties. You can use the benefits of black pepper to treat certain complaints, such as muscle aches, toothaches, stomachaches, and headaches.
2. Maintain digestive tract he alth
The antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial content in black pepper is useful for protecting cells in the digestive tract and maintaining a he althy digestive tract. Thanks to its antibacterial effect, black pepper is also often used as a traditional medicine to treat diarrhea.
Black pepper is also known to help relax the muscle walls in the intestines, so that it can overcome abdominal pain and flatulence due to gas buildup in the intestines.
While on the stomach, black pepper can be useful to help stimulate the formation of stomach acid which plays an important role in digesting food.
In addition, several studies have also stated that black pepper has benefits as a prebiotic to increase the number of good bacteria in the intestine.
3. Control blood sugar levels
The piperine and antioxidants in black pepper are also said to be able to increase the ability of the insulin hormone to control sugar levels in the bloodstream. This benefit is good for helping people with type 2 diabetes keep their blood sugar levels stable.
In addition, black pepper is also known to prevent insulin resistance, which is a condition when the cells and tissues of the body have difficulty using glucose or blood sugar as energy.The benefits of black pepper make this spice good for consumption to prevent diabetes.
4. Maintain brain he alth
Black pepper is also beneficial for maintaining brain he alth by improving memory and brain function. Maintaining brain he alth can reduce the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease. However, further research is needed to confirm its effectiveness.
5. Inhibits the growth of cancer cells
Research shows that piperine in black pepper is thought to be able to inhibit the growth of cancer cells, such as breast cancer, prostate cancer, and colon cancer. Piperine works by reducing the effects of free radicals and suppressing inflammation, so that the growth of cancer cells can be inhibited.
However, further research is still needed to prove the benefits of black pepper in inhibiting the growth of cancer cells.
In addition to those mentioned above, black pepper is believed to reduce the risk of chronic diseases, such as atherosclerosis, cardiovascular disease, and nervous disorders. This is because of the high content of antioxidants and anti-inflammatory in black pepper.
Although the benefits of black pepper are numerous for he alth, make sure you don't overdo it, okay? Consuming too much black pepper can cause side effects such as nausea and stomach upset. Excessive consumption of black pepper can also be at risk of harm to pregnant women and fetuses.
In addition, black pepper is also feared to be at risk of drug interaction effects, if consumed with certain drugs. So, make sure you consult a doctor first, if you want to consume black pepper to treat certain diseases.