4 Types of Transitional Diseases to Watch Out for

Table of contents:

4 Types of Transitional Diseases to Watch Out for
4 Types of Transitional Diseases to Watch Out for

When entering the transition season, you are advised to always maintain a he althy and clean environment. This is important to do to prevent various types of diseases that are prone to occur during the changing seasons

Changes in the weather that occur during the transition season can cause the air to become drier, colder, and much more humid. Air conditions like this make it easier for some types of animals, such as mosquitoes, to breed.

4 Types of Transitional Diseases to Watch Out for - Alodokter
4 Types of Transitional Diseases to Watch Out for - Alodokter

In addition, the many winds that blow during this transitional season also make it easier for viruses and bacteria to enter the body. Not to mention the cold air can make the immune system weaken. No wonder the body is susceptible to infectious diseases.

Types of Transitional Diseases

The following are some types of transitional season diseases that often occur:

1. Acute respiratory infection (ARI)

One of the diseases that often occurs during the transition season is acute respiratory infection (ARI), such as coughs, colds, influenza, and bronchitis. ARI is most often caused by a virus and is transmitted through splashes of saliva when an infected person coughs or sneezes.

When compared to adults, toddlers are more susceptible to ARI, because their immune system is not yet fully formed to respond and fight infection well. Apart from toddlers, the elderly and people with immune disorders are also at high risk for this infection.

The symptoms of ARI that usually arise are nasal congestion, sore throat, tired body, fever, dizziness, and shortness of breath. In fact, this infection can go away on its own. However, for some conditions, ARI is also at risk of causing complications, such as pneumonia.

2. Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF)

During the transition season, cases of dengue hemorrhagic fever will increase, including in Indonesia. This can happen because mosquitoes are easier to breed during the rainy season and the weather is humid.

DHF symptoms that often appear are high fever, severe headache, muscle and joint pain, weakness, nausea, vomiting, skin rash, and nosebleeds. However, things to watch out for are complications from DHF, namely heavy bleeding, shock, and death.

In order to avoid dengue, it is important to prevent the development of mosquito populations. This can be done by implementing 3M Plus, namely by draining and closing water reservoirs and recycling used goods as much as possible.

3. Chikungunya

The symptoms of chikungunya at first glance are almost similar to dengue fever. Some of the symptoms that are usually experienced are fever, joint pain, headache, muscle aches, nausea, skin rash, and fatigue.

Certain groups, such as newborns and the elderly with underlying medical conditions, tend to be more at risk for worsening symptoms and complications of chikungunya. Some of these complications include myocarditis, hepatitis, acute kidney disease, or neurological disorders.

Although it rarely causes death, severe symptoms can cause the sufferer to experience paralysis. To reduce the risk of getting chikungunya, the same steps in preventing dengue can also be taken.

4. Zika

Similar to dengue and chikungunya, the Zika virus is generally transmitted through mosquito bites. However, this virus can also be passed from pregnant women to their fetuses and can cause babies to suffer from microcephaly.

When suffering from this transitional season, you will experience fever, headache, skin rash, itching all over the body, red eyes, and muscle and joint pain. These symptoms usually last for 2–7 days and will go away on their own. During the infection, you are advised to get plenty of rest and drink fluids.

In order not to be easily infected with the transition season disease, it is recommended that you make prevention efforts by implementing clean and he althy living behaviors. However, if you experience any medical complaints or symptoms mentioned above, immediately consult a doctor so that further examination can be carried out.