Table of contents:
- Maceration is a method used to estimate the time of fetal death through the signs that appear on the skin, from color to texture. Not only predicting, maceration is also often used to determine the cause of fetal death
- Various Causes of Infant Death in the womb
- Maceration to Determine Time of Fetal Death
2023 Author: Autumn Gilbert | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-27 07:39
Maceration is a method used to estimate the time of fetal death through the signs that appear on the skin, from color to texture. Not only predicting, maceration is also often used to determine the cause of fetal death
A baby can be said to have died in the womb or a stillborn baby if the age of the fetus at the time of death has reached 20 weeks or more or has weighed more than 500 grams. This condition is different from miscarriage, which is when the age of the fetus in the womb is below 20 weeks.
Various Causes of Infant Death in the womb
Baby stillbirth or stillbirth can be caused by various things. One of the risk factors for causing a baby to die in the womb is interference with the placenta, the organ that connects the fetus to the mother.
The placenta functions to supply blood and nourish the fetus while in the womb. The presence of problems with the placenta can trigger fetal disorders, including impaired growth or fetal death.
In addition to disorders of the placenta, stillbirths can also be caused by the following conditions:
- Preeclampsia, a condition that causes high blood pressure during pregnancy
- Bleeding, either before or during delivery
- History of diabetes, hypertension, kidney disease, thyroid disorders, or obesity since before pregnancy
- Liver disorders during pregnancy
- Infections that affect the fetus
- Genetic abnormalities in the fetus
- placental abruption, which is the separation of the placenta from the uterus before the fetus is born
- The umbilical cord that slips to the bottom of the uterus and wraps around the fetus
To find out the exact cause of the baby's death, the doctor will usually perform a complete autopsy procedure. In the process, laboratory tests and examinations are carried out on the placenta and other tissues of the fetus.
If an autopsy procedure is not possible, external examination procedures on the fetus, including maceration, can be used to estimate the time of fetal death.
Examination for physical changes in stillborn fetuses can help doctors estimate the time of fetal death, although they cannot pinpoint the exact time of death.
Maceration to Determine Time of Fetal Death
There are several physical signs that can appear in stillborn fetuses and can be used as a reference in maceration procedures, including:
- The red color of the skin on the fetus indicates that the fetus has died in less than 8 hours
- Skin peeling on the fetus indicates that the fetus has been dead for at least more than 8 hours
- If there is extensive exfoliation of the skin, for example on two or more limbs, it is estimated that the fetus has been dead for 2–7 days
- The skin color of the fetus is yellow-brown or the fetus looks like a mummy, indicating that the fetus has been dead for more than 8 days
Maceration can help doctors to estimate the time of fetal death. However, to determine the exact time of death of the baby in the womb, it is still necessary to use more accurate examination methods, such as ultrasound or cardiotocography to detect the fetal heart rate.
Those are the things you need to know about maceration. If you are pregnant and experience signs of a stillbirth, for example, you no longer feel the fetus moving, immediately consult a doctor to monitor the condition of the pregnancy and fetus.
If it is confirmed that the fetus died in the womb, the doctor will induce labor through drugs or wait for labor to occur naturally.
Intrauterine fetal death or IUFD is a condition in which a fetus dies in the womb after 20 weeks of gestation. Some cases of IUFD cannot be prevented, but the risk can be reduced by paying attention to the causative factors and taking appropriate preventive steps Each doctor may have different criteria for fetal age in determining the classification of IUFD.
Women who have just given birth will immediately enter the puerperium. This period begins when the woman has delivered the placenta and continues for several weeks later. The puerperium generally lasts up to six weeks after delivery In these six weeks, a woman's body will undergo changes, namely adaptation from pregnancy and childbirth, until it gradually returns to its pre-pregnancy state.
Pregnant women may have felt the baby hiccup in the womb. It is usually characterized by jerks from inside the stomach that feel softer than a fist or kick and occur repeatedly with certain pauses. However, is this condition normal? Come on, pregnant women, take a look at this article Babies in the womb can indeed experience hiccups, pregnant women.
Feeling the kick or movement of the baby in the womb is a special moment that is awaited by most mothers during pregnancy. When do you usually feel baby movements? Fetal movement will be more pregnant with pregnancy. This movement is a sign that the baby is growing and developing well, it can also be a form of response to the emotions that the pregnant woman feels or the sounds she hears.
Although there are changes every week, the stages of development of the baby in the womb are generally divided into several trimesters or three-month periods. Come on, identify the main points of fetal development, so that it will be easier for you to detect if there are abnormalities or disturbances in your pregnancy The development of the baby in the womb begins after fertilization occurs.