Various hereditary diseases that you need to be aware of

Table of contents:

Various hereditary diseases that you need to be aware of
Various hereditary diseases that you need to be aware of

Having a he althy body and free from disease is definitely everyone's desire. But unfortunately, there are several types of diseases that are difficult to avoid, one of which is hereditary disease

Inherited diseases come from mutations or changes in genetic traits that are inherited from one or both parents to children. Hereditary diseases are generally difficult or even impossible to prevent. People who appear he althy may have inherited diseases or be at risk of passing genetic disorders on to their offspring.

Various hereditary diseases that you need to be aware of - Alodokter
Various hereditary diseases that you need to be aware of - Alodokter

To identify hereditary diseases and the risk of passing this disease on to children, genetic examination can be carried out on parents before planning a pregnancy, or on the fetus in the womb.

In some cases, children who have thalassemia can live, but are very susceptible to anemia, so they often need blood transfusions.

Recognizing Various Hereditary Diseases

The following are some common hereditary diseases:

1. Diabetes type 1

Type 1 diabetes causes the sufferer to lack the hormone insulin. This disease is generally hereditary, and often occurs since childhood. However, there is also type 1 diabetes that occurs in adulthood.

The risk of a child getting this hereditary disease will be higher if both biological parents suffer from type 1 diabetes.

2. Hemophilia

Hemophilia is a hereditary disease that causes blood clotting disorders. This condition is more common in men. Under normal conditions, blood clotting factors will work to make blood clot when an injury or bleeding occurs.

But in hemophiliacs, the body lacks clotting factors, so it takes longer to stop bleeding.

3. Thalassemia

This hereditary disease is a disease that attacks the red blood cells of the sufferer. This condition reduces the hemoglobin in the red blood cells of the sufferer, making it difficult for oxygen to be circulated throughout the body. Most children born with severe thalassemia die at birth.

4. Alzheimer

Alzheimer's disease is a serious brain disorder that makes a person seriously senile, and affects his ability to carry out daily activities.

This hereditary disease usually affects older people over the age of 60, but it is possible to occur in people who are younger. A person's risk for developing Alzheimer's disease will increase if he has family members who also suffer from this disease.

5. Cancer

Cancer can occur not only because of unhe althy living habits, but genetic factors also increase a person's risk of experiencing this disease. However, cancers that are purely inherited by genetic factors are relatively small, which is about 5%-10% of the causes of cancer in general.

6. Heart disease

Genetic factors play a significant role in the emergence of heart disease. However, there are indeed several factors that can increase the risk of this disease, such as an unhe althy diet, smoking, being overweight, suffering from high cholesterol, and rarely exercising.

7. Mental disorders

People suffering from mental disorders, such as depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, autism, ADHD, anxiety disorders, Down syndrome, and obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) are more likely to have parents or siblings who also suffer from similar disorders.

However, this mental disorder can also occur in people without a history of similar illnesses in their family. This is thought to be because apart from genetic factors, the emergence of mental disorders is also influenced by other factors, such as stress or severe psychological pressure.

People who have a history of hereditary diseases in the family need to be more vigilant. Although most hereditary diseases cannot be prevented, the risk can be reduced. Therefore, do regular he alth checks to the doctor

You can also do a genetic examination or DNA test before getting married and planning a pregnancy, to detect early the possibility of hereditary diseases that can be passed on to children.