Table of contents:
- Having a he althy body and free from disease is definitely everyone's desire. But unfortunately, there are several types of diseases that are difficult to avoid, one of which is hereditary disease
- Recognizing Various Hereditary Diseases
2023 Author: Autumn Gilbert | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-09-01 21:43
Having a he althy body and free from disease is definitely everyone's desire. But unfortunately, there are several types of diseases that are difficult to avoid, one of which is hereditary disease
Inherited diseases come from mutations or changes in genetic traits that are inherited from one or both parents to children. Hereditary diseases are generally difficult or even impossible to prevent. People who appear he althy may have inherited diseases or be at risk of passing genetic disorders on to their offspring.
To identify hereditary diseases and the risk of passing this disease on to children, genetic examination can be carried out on parents before planning a pregnancy, or on the fetus in the womb.
In some cases, children who have thalassemia can live, but are very susceptible to anemia, so they often need blood transfusions.
Recognizing Various Hereditary Diseases
The following are some common hereditary diseases:
1. Diabetes type 1
Type 1 diabetes causes the sufferer to lack the hormone insulin. This disease is generally hereditary, and often occurs since childhood. However, there is also type 1 diabetes that occurs in adulthood.
The risk of a child getting this hereditary disease will be higher if both biological parents suffer from type 1 diabetes.
Hemophilia is a hereditary disease that causes blood clotting disorders. This condition is more common in men. Under normal conditions, blood clotting factors will work to make blood clot when an injury or bleeding occurs.
But in hemophiliacs, the body lacks clotting factors, so it takes longer to stop bleeding.
This hereditary disease is a disease that attacks the red blood cells of the sufferer. This condition reduces the hemoglobin in the red blood cells of the sufferer, making it difficult for oxygen to be circulated throughout the body. Most children born with severe thalassemia die at birth.
Alzheimer's disease is a serious brain disorder that makes a person seriously senile, and affects his ability to carry out daily activities.
This hereditary disease usually affects older people over the age of 60, but it is possible to occur in people who are younger. A person's risk for developing Alzheimer's disease will increase if he has family members who also suffer from this disease.
Cancer can occur not only because of unhe althy living habits, but genetic factors also increase a person's risk of experiencing this disease. However, cancers that are purely inherited by genetic factors are relatively small, which is about 5%-10% of the causes of cancer in general.
6. Heart disease
Genetic factors play a significant role in the emergence of heart disease. However, there are indeed several factors that can increase the risk of this disease, such as an unhe althy diet, smoking, being overweight, suffering from high cholesterol, and rarely exercising.
7. Mental disorders
People suffering from mental disorders, such as depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, autism, ADHD, anxiety disorders, Down syndrome, and obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) are more likely to have parents or siblings who also suffer from similar disorders.
However, this mental disorder can also occur in people without a history of similar illnesses in their family. This is thought to be because apart from genetic factors, the emergence of mental disorders is also influenced by other factors, such as stress or severe psychological pressure.
People who have a history of hereditary diseases in the family need to be more vigilant. Although most hereditary diseases cannot be prevented, the risk can be reduced. Therefore, do regular he alth checks to the doctor
You can also do a genetic examination or DNA test before getting married and planning a pregnancy, to detect early the possibility of hereditary diseases that can be passed on to children.
Scalp disease is a common condition. Although most are not contagious and relatively mild, this condition can make sufferers feel disturbed. Come on, identify various problems on the scalp and their symptoms Complaints of itching, scaly, and redness of the scalp can be a sign of a scalp disease that is being suffered.
Skin diseases around the eyelids can be caused by various things, ranging from irritation, allergies, infections, to cancer. Some of these diseases are mild and can heal on their own, but some are dangerous and need to be treated immediately The skin around the eyelids is rich in blood vessels, but the skin around the eyes is generally very thin, smooth, and has little fat tissue.
Skin disease on the feet can be caused by various things, ranging from irritation, allergic reactions, to infections. Some of these diseases are mild, some are serious. The treatment also varies depending on the underlying cause Skin disease on the feet can cause symptoms in the form of pain and the appearance of a red rash, and the skin on the feet is cracked and easily peeled off.
The retina of the eye is a thin layer at the back of the eye that is useful for capturing light. Damage to this layer will affect your ability to see The main function of the retina of the eye is to capture light and organize it as visual information which is then sent to the brain via the optic nerve.
Among various infectious diseases, not a few diseases are caused by bacteria. In fact, some of them can cause serious he alth problems Basically, bacteria are divided into 2 types, namely good bacteria and bad bacteria. The presence of good bacteria in the body actually brings he alth benefits.