Table of contents:
- Types of Polio Immunization
- Side Effects After Polio Immunization
- Things to Pay Attention to Before Polio Immunization
Polio immunization is an effort to protect the body from polio. This disease is a dangerous disease and can be experienced by anyone, but it is more common in toddlers. Therefore, every parent needs to be aware of it
Polio is a disease caused by infection with the polio virus. The spread of this virus generally occurs through the consumption of water or food contaminated with the polio virus or direct contact with the feces of a polio patient.
Polio disease can cause permanent paralysis, even death. Therefore, polio immunization is an effective way to prevent polio and its complications.
Types of Polio Immunization
Polio immunization aims to make a person immune to the polio virus. The trick is through the polio vaccine. This vaccine is considered effective in preventing transmission and triggering immunity so that the body is protected from infection with the polio virus.
The types of polio immunization that must be given are polio drops or oral polio vaccine (OPV) and injectable polio immunization or inactivated polio vaccine (IPV).
OPV uses attenuated poliovirus and is administered by mouth drop. Meanwhile, IPV uses inactivated poliovirus and is given by injection in the upper arm or thigh.
The polio vaccine needs to be given 4 times, namely when the baby is born and when the baby is 2, 3, and 4 months old.The first type of polio immunization recommended for newborns is OPV. For the next immunization, OPV may be given again or differently in the form of IPV.
Only, every child is advised to get at least 2 doses of IPV before the age of 1 year. In addition, infants aged 18 months are also advised to get a booster polio immunization. The goal is to strengthen and maintain the body's immunity against the polio virus that may be declining.
In addition to children, polio immunization for adults also needs to be done, especially for anyone who is at high risk of being infected with polio.
Side Effects After Polio Immunization
There are several side effects that can be felt by children after getting polio immunization, both IPV and OPV. After IPV, there may be redness at the injection site. Children may also have a low-grade fever. This fever can be overcome by giving paracetamol as recommended by the doctor.
Although rare, OPV given by mouth can cause diarrhea in children. In order to be safe and not cause dangerous side effects, you should first consult a doctor before immunization is carried out.
Things to Pay Attention to Before Polio Immunization
As previously explained, polio immunization is one of the immunizations that needs to be done to prevent infection and the spread of the polio virus. However, before bringing a child for polio immunization, there are several things that every parent needs to pay attention to, namely:
Watch for allergic reactions in children
If your child has ever had a severe allergic reaction to injectable polio immunization or IPV, he is also advised not to get IPV again. In addition, children who are allergic to the antibiotic content of polymyxin B, streptomycin, or neomycin, are also advised not to receive injectable polio immunization.
Delay immunization when the child is sick
If a child is seriously ill, it is recommended to postpone the polio immunization until he is completely healed. However, if the child only has a mild illness, such as a common cold or cough without a fever, the child can usually still be vaccinated.
IPV or OPV immunization is actually safe to do. Even so, you should first consult with a doctor to find out more about whether your little one's condition is possible to get the polio vaccine.
Not only polio vaccine, make sure you always pay attention to your child's immunization schedule so that their immune system remains strong and avoids various diseases.