Table of contents:
- Generally Can Be Handled By Yourself
- Overcome Pain with Painkillers
- When to see a doctor
- So that the Sprain Doesn't Come Again
Spray can happen to anyone, whether it's people who don't exercise often, or athletes who train every day. In most cases, sprains can be treated at home
Sprains usually occur when you suddenly change the direction of movement or decrease your speed, usually during exercise. It can also happen when you fall, collide with other people or objects, or land in an inappropriate position after jumping. This often leads to ankle injuries.
In the above conditions, the ligaments are inadvertently forced to stretch beyond their capacity which can cause the ligaments to tear or twist. It is this ligament damage that underlies the occurrence of sprains. Ligaments are bands of tissue that surround a joint. The existence of ligaments serves to connect bones to one another. Ankles, big toes, wrists, and knees are the most common areas for sprains.
Sprains are usually characterized by certain symptoms, including pain around the sprained joint, bruising and swelling in the joint, and the inability of the joint to support the load. There may also be bruising that appears some distance from the sprained joint due to blood seeping along the muscle. The severity of the sprain depends on the severity of the ligament damage.
Generally Can Be Handled By Yourself
Spray should be treated properly to prevent future relapses, such as long-term pain and joint instability. In most cases, sprains can be treated at home. Here are the steps that can be followed:
- Stop doing any activity or movement that could make the injury worse, for at least 2-3 days after the injury.
- Apply ice wrapped in a towel on the injured area for at least 15-20 minutes every 2-3 hours a day. However, avoid applying ice directly to the injured area.
- To limit movement that could worsen the condition of the injury and prevent widespread swelling, cover the injured area with an elastic bandage (bandage). Make sure the area is tightly bandaged, but not to obstruct blood flow. Remove the bandage before you go to sleep.
- Another step to prevent swelling is to place the injured leg or limb in a higher position. You can use an extra bench as a place to put your feet when sitting or a pillow when you sleep.
Overcome Pain with Painkillers
To relieve pain from a sprain, you can apply a pain relief cream or gel on the injured area. According to various studies on patients with sprains, this topical pain reliever is more effective than using nothing at all to relieve pain and speed up the healing process.
Now there are various choices of over-the-counter pain relievers, ranging from gels, topical creams, to sprays. Although they both relieve pain, these medications can contain different ingredients, such as the following:
- Salicylates: generally found in creams that are easily absorbed by joints close to the skin, for example in the knee, elbow, and finger joints.
- C counterirritants (such as methylsalicylate, menthol, and camphor) that produce a cooling sensation that distracts you from the pain.
- Eugenol: the active ingredient that is widely used as a natural pain reliever is obtained from clove oil.
- NSAIDS (Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs).
- Capsaicin: is an ingredient in chili peppers that causes a hot sensation on the skin when applied.
You can buy various types of topical pain relievers at pharmacies. However, even though it is an over-the-counter drug, there are several things that should be done before using this product:
- Read the user manual carefully.
- No matter what product you use, remember not to apply it if there is an open wound on the injured area.
- Avoid applying it at the same time as wearing a tight bandage.
- Wash your hands and avoid rubbing your eyes after using this product.
- Before taking medication containing salicylates, check with your doctor if you are taking blood thinners or are allergic to aspirin.
In addition to medicines for external use, there are also pain relievers, such as paracetamol or ibuprofen. Although experts have not agreed which one is more effective between using topical pain medication than oral medication, at least the risk of side effects from using topical medication is lower.
In addition, so that the sprain does not cause more pain, avoid the injured area from exposure to heat, for example due to sauna bathing, warm water, or direct sunlight. It is not recommended to undergo a massage because there is a risk of exacerbating the injury, and avoid drinking alcohol because there is a risk of slowing down the healing process. No less important, postpone excessive physical activity.
When to see a doctor
See a doctor if self-care doesn't work and the sprain doesn't feel better after three days.There are also some situations where you must go to the hospital immediately, namely if you experience unbearable pain, the joint can't bear the weight at all, the injured area feels numb or can't feel anything, has repeated injuries in the same area, or there is a red area that extends from the sprained joint.
Such cases may require more complicated treatment in the hospital. In cases where regular painkillers do not improve, your doctor may prescribe stronger painkillers, such as codeine. A brace or splint may also be required to minimize joint movement. Physical therapy or physiotherapy may be suggested by the doctor to help the patient restore the joint to normal function. In addition, although rare, surgical treatment is necessary if there is muscle damage or ligament tears.
So that the Sprain Doesn't Come Again
Strains and muscle damage are more at risk, especially if it's your first time doing a type of exercise that involves parts of the muscles that are rarely trained. However, athletes, especially athletes in running and gymnastics, can also experience sprains if the training load is too heavy to strain the muscles.
The muscles and joints of a person who rarely exercise tends to become inflexible and are more at risk of sprains. Poor exercise technique and lack of warm-up can also be the cause of sprains. In addition, tired muscles also cannot support the joints properly.
Therefore, to prevent sprains, wear comfortable clothes and proper shoes and warm up before exercising. It is recommended to stretch before exercising. This step helps joints and muscles become more flexible so they are less prone to injury. We recommend that you postpone exercise when you are physically tired.As a daily preventive measure, consume he althy and fresh food to maintain muscle and joint strength.