Safe Ways to Choose Cough Medicine for Breastfeeding Mothers

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Safe Ways to Choose Cough Medicine for Breastfeeding Mothers
Safe Ways to Choose Cough Medicine for Breastfeeding Mothers

Choosing cough medicine for breastfeeding mothers is often a dilemma. Mothers may be worried that the cough medicine that is taken can be passed through breast milk which will affect the baby. However, on the other hand, if the cough is not treated, your little one is at risk of contracting the cough that you are experiencing

Actually, you can still take several types of medicine, including cough medicine, while breastfeeding. However, the medicine you take can pass in small amounts into breast milk and into the baby's body. Therefore, mothers need to know how to choose cough medicines that are safe for consumption during breastfeeding.

Safe Ways to Choose Cough Medicine for Breastfeeding Mothers - Alodokter

How to Choose Cough Medicine for Breastfeeding Mothers

There are several ingredients in cough medicine that should be avoided by breastfeeding mothers, namely:


The aspirin content in some cough medicine products works as a fever reducer if the cough is accompanied by complaints of fever. However, aspirin is known to pass into breast milk and increase the baby's risk of developing metabolic acidosis.

Metabolic acidosis is a condition in which the body produces too much acid. If left untreated, this condition can lead to complications, such as growth retardation, arrhythmias, and even kidney failure.

Potassium Iodide

Cough medicine containing potassium iodide which functions as an expectorant should also not be used because it can cause inhibition of thyroid function in babies.


Meanwhile, guaifenesin should be avoided because there are not enough studies that can confirm its safety for breastfeeding mothers.

So far, dry cough medicine containing dextromethorphan is considered safe for consumption by nursing mothers. However, you should only take cough medicine containing dextromethorphan if your little one is over 2 months old.

Mothers are also still allowed to take cough medicine containing antihistamines that do not cause drowsiness, such as cetirizine or loratadine, as well as decongestants to relieve cold and sneezing complaints. However, antihistamines and decongestants are thought to cause reduced milk production.

Therefore, you should still consult with your doctor before taking cough medicine to make it safer. You can also try to consider some natural cough remedies, such as honey and pineapple.

Natural Cough Remedy for Breastfeeding Mothers

Before deciding to use cough medicine, you can try some natural ingredients that are believed to help relieve cough complaints.

The following are some natural options that you can consume to relieve cough:


There are many benefits offered by honey, one of which is as a natural cough medicine that is safe for consumption by nursing mothers.

To get the benefits of honey as a cough medicine, you can consume it directly or mix it with warm tea and lemon which is said to be more effective at relieving the throat.


Not only honey, pineapple can also be used as a natural choice as a cough medicine for nursing mothers. This is because pineapple contains bromelain as an antioxidant, which is useful for relieving coughs and thinning phlegm.

Foods containing probiotics

Probiotics are good bacteria found in several types of food, such as yogurt, tempeh, and kimchi.

Although it doesn't directly cure coughs, probiotics can boost immunity. Thus, cough complaints will subside faster.

In addition to some of the methods above, you are also advised to drink enough water, minimize exposure to dust and air pollution, and increase rest time, so that coughs can heal faster.

Mother can also take a warm bath to relieve cough. The steam from the warm water can help ease mucus out of the nose and throat.

However, if the cough does not go away even though you have tried the various methods above, you should immediately consult a doctor. Doctors can provide treatment and prescribe cough medicines that are appropriate and safe for breastfeeding mothers according to your condition.

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