How to Control Asthma during Pregnancy

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How to Control Asthma during Pregnancy
How to Control Asthma during Pregnancy
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Asthma during pregnancy that is not properly controlled can have a negative impact on the he alth of the mother and fetus. So that asthma does not get worse, you need to take the following treatment efforts

For women who suffer from asthma, pregnancy can affect the condition of asthma suffered. There are some people with asthma who experience improvement in their symptoms during pregnancy, but in most cases, pregnancy can make asthma worse and frequent recurrences.

How to Control Asthma during Pregnancy - Alodokter

If this happens, the mother and fetus are at risk of experiencing a lack of oxygen, which of course can endanger the he alth conditions of the mother and the unborn baby.

He althy Tips for Controlling Asthma during Pregnancy

As a mother-to-be, you need to know how to deal with asthma during pregnancy. Asthma attacks during pregnancy that can be controlled properly can prevent the risk of he alth problems for the mother and fetus.

The following are some asthma treatments that you can do during pregnancy:

1. Taking asthma medication

The main key to controlling asthma during pregnancy is to keep taking asthma medication regularly. You don't need to worry, because most inhaled asthma medications or inhalers containing terbutaline, albuterol, prednisone, and theophylline are safe to take during pregnancy.

But be careful, asthma drugs that are taken by mouth (oral drugs) are feared to be risky for the fetus.

To ensure that asthma medications are safe for consumption during pregnancy, you should consult a gynecologist early in pregnancy. Inform your doctor in detail about your history of asthma and the medications you have taken.

2. Avoid triggers for asthma symptoms

For asthmatics who are pregnant, avoiding factors that trigger asthma attacks is a very important step. This step can be done in the following ways:

  • Avoid allergens that trigger asthma, such as dust, smoke, and animal dander.
  • avoid being close to people who are suffering from respiratory infections.
  • Don't smoke, and stay away from cigarette smoke.
  • Diligently exercise, such as swimming, pregnancy exercise, yoga, or other sports recommended by the doctor.
  • If you have gastric acid reflux disease (gastroesophageal reflux disease / GERD), treat it immediately by going to a doctor. GERD can worsen asthma symptoms during pregnancy.
  • If you have a cold, ask your doctor about antihistamines that are safe to take.

3. Routine medical check-up

This examination is carried out once a month, and aims to monitor the general he alth condition of the body, including the condition of the lungs. This examination is also useful to ensure the condition of the fetus is he althy. The doctor will use a spirometry or peak flow meter to measure the lung function of pregnant women.

4. Monitor fetal movement every day

Monitor fetal movements every day, especially after you are 28 weeks pregnant. To make sure the fetus is active and he althy, you can do a pregnancy ultrasound as part of a routine pregnancy check-up. If asthma recurs frequently and symptoms get worse, consult a gynecologist immediately.

5. Doing flu vaccine

The flu vaccination is recommended for all pregnant women, especially pregnant women with asthma. This vaccine gives you extra protection against severe flu attacks.

6. Don't ignore asthma symptoms

Breathing heavy during pregnancy does not necessarily indicate asthma. This is normal during pregnancy, especially in the last trimester. While the symptoms of asthma that you should be aware of and require immediate medical attention are:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Cough that gets worse at night and in the morning
  • Cough while doing physical activity
  • Wheezing
  • chest feeling pressure
  • Skin looks pale
  • Weak
  • Lips and fingers look bluish

Asthma Risk during Pregnancy

If asthma is not well controlled during pregnancy, you are at risk of developing the following conditions:

  • Morning sickness
  • Preeclampsia.
  • Vaginal bleeding.
  • Complications of childbirth.
  • Inhibition of fetal growth.
  • Giving a baby prematurely or with a low birth weight

In severe asthma, complications can occur which can be fatal, both for pregnant women and the fetus in the womb.

So, don't underestimate this condition. If you suffer from asthma and are planning to become pregnant or are pregnant, it is advisable to consult a gynecologist to get the best advice and treatment in controlling asthma during pregnancy.

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