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As the outermost organ of the body, the function of the skin is very important for humans. Not only protects the body from various diseases, the skin also acts as a protector of the internal organs, such as muscles, nerves, and bones. Therefore, skin he alth must always be maintained
Skin is made up of various components, including water, protein, fat, several types of minerals, and chemical compounds. The skin is also known as the largest organ of the body. The average skin weight for an adult can reach 2.5–2.7 kilograms.
The skin consists of three main layers, namely the epidermis, dermis and hypodermis. These three layers have different functions in the structure of the skin.
Recognizing 6 Skin Functions
In general, there are five functions of the skin for the body, namely:
1. Protect the body
The main function of the skin is to protect the internal body, such as bones, organs, muscles, joints, nerves, blood vessels, and connective tissues of the body. The skin also acts as the body's natural protector from exposure to radiation, toxic substances, as well as various viruses, bacteria, fungi, and parasites that cause infection.
2. Maintain body temperature
Skin also acts as a body temperature guard, because in the second layer of skin or dermis there are nerves and sweat glands that function to respond to changes in body temperature.
When you are hot or stressed, the skin will maintain body temperature in the normal range by sweating and when you are cold, the blood vessels in the skin will constrict to retain body heat.
3. Storing fat
Skin also functions as a fat storage center. Fat in the skin tissue is responsible for protecting the body from hot and cold temperatures and supporting muscle and bone tissue.
4. Produces natural vitamin D
Skin also functions to produce vitamin D naturally with the help of sunlight or UV rays. This vitamin is known to be good for maintaining bone he alth and preventing cancer.
5. Become a sense of touch
Skin consists of sensory nerves that function as the sense of touch. Thanks to these nerves, the skin becomes sensitive to various external stimuli, ranging from hot or cold temperatures, touch, vibration, pressure, to pain due to injury or infection.
6. Support appearance
As the outermost organ, the skin can support the appearance as well as become the main attraction. In addition, he althy, soft, and awake skin can also increase the self-confidence of people who have it.
Tips for Maintaining He althy Skin
As you age, your skin will experience changes due to the aging process. This makes the skin no longer as smooth or firm as before. In addition, the aging process on the skin can also cause the skin to become dry, thin, and prone to skin problems.
Therefore, in order to maintain he althy skin, you need to take good care of it. Here are some tips on how to take care of your skin that you can try:
Clean the skin regularly
Clean yourself by taking a shower using a mild soap, especially after every activity or sweating. Don't forget to clean your face at least 2 times a day, especially in the morning and at night before bedtime.
This is important to note so that dirt and bacteria attached to the skin can be lifted. By maintaining good skin hygiene, skin he alth will be maintained.
Applying moisturizer every day
To maintain skin moisture, you are recommended to use a moisturizer after bathing or washing your face. However, make sure that the lotion or moisturizer you use is suitable for your skin type, okay?
In addition, you can also use other facial skin care products to treat skin he alth, such as toner, micellar water, or facial serum.
Using sunscreen when doing outdoor activities
Exposure to ultraviolet rays from sunlight can accelerate the aging process of the skin. Therefore, always use sunscreen before you go outside to protect your skin from sun exposure.
Sunscreen with SPF 30 or more can protect the skin from UVA and UVB rays. Apart from using sunscreen, you can also protect your skin by wearing long-sleeved clothing and a wide-brimmed hat, especially when the weather is hot.
Implementing a he althy lifestyle
Besides taking care of the outside, skin he alth also needs to be taken care of from the inside. You can do this by adopting a he althy lifestyle, such as eating nutritious foods, meeting your body's fluid needs, exercising regularly, and managing stress well.
You also need to stay away from cigarettes and exposure to secondhand smoke. A study shows that smoking habits and exposure to cigarette smoke can cause the skin to wrinkle faster and trigger premature aging of the skin.
Maintaining he althy skin is important to maximize skin function. If you experience skin complaints, such as itchy skin, redness, and irritation that do not improve, immediately consult a doctor to get the right treatment.