Table of contents:
The notion that women will find it difficult to get pregnant over the age of 30 often causes debate. Some think this is not proven true. However, in fact, several studies have stated that women can have more difficulty conceiving and are at risk for pregnancy disorders when they are no longer young
Studies say that one of the reasons it is difficult for women to get pregnant over the age of 30 is the limited number of eggs and their declining quality. This makes it difficult for the egg to be fertilized or difficult to develop into a he althy fetus.
In addition, when pregnant at an older age, women have a higher risk of developing various pregnancy problems, including disorders of the fetus and pregnancy complications, such as gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, or premature delivery.
Even so, this doesn't mean that every woman over the age of 30 can't get pregnant at all, does it. Sometimes, there are, really, older women who can still get pregnant and give birth to he althy babies. Pregnancy and fertility are of course also influenced by general he alth conditions.
Various Risks of Pregnancy Over the Age of 30
Age that is no longer young when pregnant can bring several he alth risks for pregnant women and fetuses, including:
- Miscarriage and ectopic pregnancy
- Congenital diseases (congenital abnormalities) and genetic disorders in the fetus, such as Down syndrome
- Pregnancy complications, such as gestational diabetes and preeclampsia
- Premature delivery or low fetal weight
- Disorders with the placenta, such as placenta previa
- Labour is delayed or stuck
- Disorders of the amniotic fluid, for example, too much or too little amniotic fluid, and premature rupture of the membranes.
In addition, women who are over 35 years of age during pregnancy may also have a higher risk of giving birth by cesarean section.
How to Reduce the Risk of Pregnancy at Age Over 30
If you are a woman who is 30 years and over and is undergoing preparation for pregnancy, try not to worry and stress too much. You still have a chance to have a he althy pregnancy and give birth to a normal fetus, really.
In order to be able to prepare for a good pregnancy even though you are no longer young, you are encouraged to follow the following tips:
1. Thorough he alth check before pregnancy
It is recommended to do a thorough he alth check before deciding to get pregnant, such as blood pressure, urine tests, and blood sugar levels. Maternal he alth checks are also required throughout pregnancy.
2. Have regular pregnancy checkups
Women who are pregnant over the age of 35 need to undergo regular checkups more often than pregnant women at a younger age. Therefore, you can schedule more time to consult an obstetrician at the obstetrics clinic or hospital.
3. Stop smoking and avoid drinking alcohol
Unhe althy habits, such as frequent smoking or inhaling secondhand smoke (passive smokers), consuming alcohol, being stressed, rarely exercising, and not maintaining a he althy diet can have an impact on the he alth of the fetus and pregnant women.
Therefore, if you want to get pregnant at the age of 30 years and over, you should live a he althy lifestyle.
4. Perform tests to detect chromosomal abnormalities in the fetus
If it is necessary, especially if there is a history of disease or genetic disorders in the family, there is nothing wrong for you and your partner to undergo a genetic test. This is important to determine whether the fetus in your womb is also at risk for the same disease.
5. Consumption of sufficient folic acid
Enough daily folic acid needs to help prevent birth defects in the baby's brain and nerves. The recommended intake of folic acid for pregnant women is about 600 micrograms (mcg) per day. Folic acid can be obtained from food or pregnancy supplements prescribed by a doctor.
6. Keep your ideal weight
This can be done by exercising regularly and eating he althy foods that have high nutritional value.
To meet the nutritional needs of your body and the fetus, consume foods that are rich in protein, he althy fats, complex carbohydrates, as well as vitamins and minerals, such as fruits and vegetables, nuts, milk, meat and fish, eggs, and vegetables. seafood.
To be he althier, you should limit or avoid the consumption of unhe althy foods, such as raw foods, junk food, or processed foods that contain lots of preservatives.
Through good preparation, accompanied by the right knowledge and care, mothers who are pregnant over the age of 30 can still undergo a normal delivery to have a he althy baby.
If you find it difficult to get pregnant over the age of 30 or have certain conditions that can make your pregnancy more risky, for example suffering from sexually transmitted diseases or complications from previous pregnancies, you should see a gynecologist to start a he althy pregnancy program.