What is Gestational Diabetes?

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What is Gestational Diabetes?
What is Gestational Diabetes?

Ever heard of gestational diabetes? This is a type of diabetes that can occur during pregnancy, especially in the second half of pregnancy. Gestational diabetes can interfere with pregnancy, as well as the he alth of pregnant women and babies

Gestational diabetes is caused by increased levels of various hormones in the body during pregnancy. The increased amount of this pregnancy hormone can inhibit insulin action.

What is Gestational Diabetes? - Alodokter

As a result, blood sugar rises and is stored as fat by the mother's body. Blood sugar levels that continue to be high can also cause the fetus's weight to rise, up to above average.

Therefore, pregnant women are advised not to often eat foods that are too sweet, such as ice cream, dried fruit, or fruit that contains a lot of sugar, such as longan and durian.

Gestational Diabetes Risk Factors

In addition to pregnancy, the risk of pregnant women getting gestational diabetes will be higher if they have the following factors:

Has a history of gestational diabetes

The risk of developing gestational diabetes will be higher if you have experienced this condition in previous pregnancies. So, early and periodic examinations are needed if pregnant women have been diagnosed with this condition before.

Over 25 years old

Pregnant women over the age of 25 are more likely to develop gestational diabetes.

History of diabetes in the family

Pregnant women are more at risk of developing gestational diabetes if they have a family member with diabetes, or if they have given birth to a baby weighing more than 4.1 kg.

Experiencing obesity during pregnancy

Pregnant women need to control their weight by knowing their body mass index (BMI). If the body mass index is more than 30, pregnant women are included in the obesity category. Being overweight can increase the risk of gestational diabetes.

Has a history of certain diseases

A woman has a higher risk of developing gestational diabetes if she has previously suffered from certain diseases, such as hypertension, heart problems, and PCOS.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a condition that affects hormone levels in women. Pregnant women are at high risk of developing gestational diabetes if they have had PCOS.

The Dangers of Gestational Diabetes for Mother and Child

Gestational diabetes can affect the condition of pregnant women and fetuses. In pregnant women, gestational diabetes can cause:

  • Premature birth or delivery when less than 37 weeks pregnant.
  • Preeclampsia, which is a condition that causes high blood pressure during pregnancy, as well as postpartum hypertension, and can lead to complications if left untreated.
  • Miscarriage.
  • Difficulty during labor that requires induction or delivery by cesarean section due to the baby's weight above the average.
  • Polyhydramnios or excess amniotic fluid.
  • Increased risk of postpartum bleeding.

If gestational diabetes is treated and monitored regularly, the baby can be born he althy. However, gestational diabetes can still affect the baby's condition, including causing:

  • Birth weight of a large baby (more than 4 kg).
  • Injury at birth due to his large size.
  • Low blood sugar levels in the body at birth.
  • Respiratory disorders.
  • Yellow baby.
  • Born prematurely.
  • Being obese and diabetic when growing up.

To prevent excessive increase in blood sugar levels, pregnant women who have gestational diabetes need to limit the consumption of foods high in sugar, such as ice cream or sweet fruits such as durian. Pregnant women are also advised to exercise regularly to prevent this pregnancy complication.

With regular treatment and monitoring, complications of gestational diabetes can be prevented. After giving birth, pregnant women's blood sugar will usually return to normal. However, pregnant women who experience this condition will be more at risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life, or experiencing gestational diabetes again in a later pregnancy.

So, start paying more attention to your he alth condition when you are pregnant. Consult your obstetrician if you have had gestational diabetes in a previous pregnancy.

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