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Knee ligament injuries can occur during sports or strenuous physical activity. This condition can cause various knee functions to be disrupted, making it difficult for the sufferer to walk. Therefore, it is necessary to take action immediately
Ligaments are fibrous tissue that looks like an elastic band and acts as a liaison between bones in the body. This tissue is found in various parts of the body, such as the shoulders, arms, and knees.
Knee ligaments are one of the tissues that determine body movement, including walking, running, and jumping. However, various things can overwork the knee and lead to knee ligament injury.
Causes of Knee Ligament Injury
Knee ligaments are prone to injury and can cause permanent changes to a person's ability to move. Injuries that are often experienced by these athletes can also be experienced by anyone, especially those who have the following conditions:
- Getting pressure or hard impact on the knee
- Rotating your knees with your feet still on the ground
- Shifting weight from one leg to another suddenly
- Spreading the knee too far
- Jump and land with bent knees
- Stop running suddenly
Knee ligament injuries can cause sudden or severe pain when lifting heavy weights, swelling of the knee, a creaking sound from the injured knee, and a loose knee joint.
To detect a ligament injury, the doctor will perform a physical examination and supporting examinations, such as X-rays and MRI. In some cases, the doctor will use a needle to suction and drain the blood in the swollen knee.
Treating Knee Ligament Injury
If not treated immediately, the impact of a knee ligament injury can be felt for months, even years later. Therefore, the injured ligament should not be ignored and immediately take steps to treat it. Here are some things you can do to speed up recovery:
- Compress the knee with ice cubes wrapped in a cloth for 20-30 minutes every 4 hours.
- Break your knees and limit your body movement.
- Put your knees on the pillow while lying down.
- Take painkillers, if needed.
- Use a knee pad or bandage to limit the movement of the injured knee and prevent the injury from getting worse.
- Do stretching exercises to build muscle strength around the injured knee ligament.
In addition to the things above, the doctor will also recommend physiotherapy to restore the function of the injured knee. However, the sooner or later the recovery period depends on the severity of the injury and the type of treatment given.
In some knee ligament injuries, such as torn anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), reconstructive surgery is required to recover. This ligament connects the femur to the tibia or shinbone.
ACL injuries are very common among all forms of sports injuries. This knee ligament injury cannot be completely repaired and can only be reconstructed.
Reconstructive surgery has the opportunity to restore more than 80 percent of knee function. In other words, surgery is not able to restore the ability of the knee as it was before the injury.
In addition, reconstructive surgery is also at risk of causing other he alth problems, such as infection and blood clots. After receiving treatment, do not rush back to activities until your knee shows the following signs:
- No more swelling
- Injured knee is as strong as uninjured
- No knee pain when walking, running and jumping
- No pain when bending and straightening the knee
If you continue to do activities even though the knee ligament injury has not completely healed, this can increase the risk of a permanent knee injury. Well, to prevent knee ligament injuries, there are several things you can do, namely:
- Warm up before exercising or doing activities.
- Do stretching regularly.
- Strength training regularly to maintain muscle flexibility.
- Avoid increasing the intensity of exercise suddenly.
If knee ligament injury occurs during sports or activities and does not improve immediately after resting, especially if the injury causes difficulty walking, knee swelling gets worse, or severe pain is unbearable, immediately consult a doctor for appropriate treatment. right.