Beware of 3 Rainy Season Diseases During Floods and Their Prevention

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Beware of 3 Rainy Season Diseases During Floods and Their Prevention
Beware of 3 Rainy Season Diseases During Floods and Their Prevention

There are various diseases that lurk during the rainy season, especially during floods. Well, to be aware of it, you need to know first what are the common rainy season diseases. That way, you can take steps to prevent it

Lack of exposure to sunlight and high humidity are one of the reasons why various diseases are rife during the rainy season, especially during floods. During floods, various diseases can easily spread through the medium of water, especially if your environment has poor sanitation.

Beware of 3 Rainy Season Diseases During Floods and Their Prevention - Alodokter

In addition, the lack of sunlight also makes the body vulnerable to vitamin D deficiency which functions to boost the immune system. As a result, the body is susceptible to disease.

Several Rainy Season Diseases Related to Floods

If your neighborhood is at risk of flooding, it would be nice if you always be aware of the possibility of some rainy season diseases appearing. The following are some of the most common types of diseases that occur in the rainy season:

1. Leptospirosis

Leptospirosis is a disease caused by infection with Leptospira bacteria and is usually transmitted through animals, such as rats, cattle, dogs and pigs. The risk of getting infected with this disease will be higher, if you come into direct contact with streams or puddles that have been contaminated with urine from these animals.

Leptospirosis symptoms generally resemble mild flu symptoms, such as:

  • Shiver
  • Headache
  • Muscle pain
  • Vomiting
  • Skin rash
  • Red eyes
  • Skin turns yellow

If left unchecked, this infection can be life threatening for the sufferer. Severe infection with leptospirosis can cause bleeding in the body and organ failure, including the brain, kidneys, lungs, and liver. The severe form of this disease is known as Weil's disease.

2. Dengue fever (dengue fever)

This rainy season disease is already known to be common in the rainy season. Dengue fever or dengue fever is caused by the dengue virus which is transmitted through the bite of the Aedes aegypti mosquito.

There are several symptoms of dengue fever that are often felt, including:

  • High fever
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Pain behind eyes
  • Skin rash
  • Muscle and bone pain

If 24 hours after the fever goes down you actually experience a worsening of the condition, immediately contact a doctor for further treatment. Because in some cases, dengue fever can be dangerous and life-threatening if not treated immediately.

Severe dengue fever can cause bleeding, a sudden drop in blood pressure, and even death.

3. Diarrhea

The rainy season and floods also make many people vulnerable to diarrhea. This can be caused by poor sanitation or the consumption of food that has been contaminated with germs, either from the air or flood water.

There are several symptoms of diarrhea that sufferers often experience, namely:

  • Stool becomes watery
  • Frequency of defecation becomes more frequent
  • stomach bloating
  • stomach cramps

In cases of severe diarrhea, the sufferer will also experience fever, bloody stools, weight loss, and dehydration.

The three rainy season diseases above can attack anyone, especially if the sanitation system in your neighborhood is bad. Therefore, maintenance of the sanitation system is not only carried out during the rainy season, but regularly throughout the year. This of course can prevent various diseases of the rainy season due to flooding.

How to Prevent Rainy Season Diseases During Floods

The presence of floods during the rainy season is often unexpected and certainly not what you expect. Therefore, you must always be alert to take various preventive steps so that your body's he alth is maintained. The following are preventative steps you can take:

  • Wash hands with soap and clean water for 20 seconds.
  • Make sure the drinking water consumed is clean and sterile. If the drinking water comes from tap water or raw water, you can boil it before drinking.
  • Wash all food ingredients with clean water before processing or consuming.
  • Wash all clothes that have been contaminated with flood water with soap and clean water.
  • Wash clean and dry all furniture in the house that is affected by flood water.
  • Immunize to prevent disease transmission due to flooding.
  • Avoid mosquito bites during the rainy season by using mosquito repellent.
  • Clean all the places where mosquitoes can breed.
  • Immediately clean the wound if it is exposed to flood water and apply antibiotic ointment to prevent infection.
  • Prevent children from playing in flooded areas.

By implementing some of the preventive measures above, you have made efforts to protect yourself from rainy season diseases when floods come. In addition, you should also keep the environment clean to prevent flooding and the development of disease.

If you experience symptoms that are suspected to be related to the rainy season diseases mentioned above, immediately consult a doctor for proper examination and treatment.

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