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Blood tests or taking blood samples to be examined in the laboratory need to be carried out routinely by pregnant women. The goal is to find out whether pregnant women have certain diseases, such as infection or lack of blood, as well as to detect abnormalities in the fetus
By carrying out he alth checks including blood tests, potential problems during pregnancy can be detected as early as possible. Appropriate and fast treatment can also be done to prevent more serious conditions. To determine when is the right time to have a blood test, discuss it with your doctor or midwife during a routine prenatal check-up.
Types of Blood Tests for Pregnant Women
The following types of blood tests are required during pregnancy, namely:
Complete blood test
This test is needed to find out whether the hemoglobin level in the red blood cells of pregnant women is normal or too little, which is a sign of anemia. In addition, this test can also be done to count the white blood count. If there is an increase in white blood cells, it means that the pregnant woman may have an infection.
Blood group test, antibodies, and rhesus factor
Blood group test is done to determine blood type (A, B, AB, or O) and blood rhesus pregnant women (resus negative or positive). If the resus is different from the fetus, the pregnant woman will be given an injection of immunoglobulin to prevent the formation of antibodies that can attack the fetal blood.
Blood sugar test
Checking the blood sugar level of pregnant women is usually carried out in the second trimester of pregnancy. However, doctors may recommend early blood sugar testing for pregnant women who are overweight, have given birth to children weighing more than 4.5 kilograms before, or have a history of gestational diabetes.
Immunity test against rubella (German measles)
If a pregnant woman is infected with rubella early in pregnancy, the fetus in the womb can have serious defects, miscarriage, or birth in a stillbirth. Therefore, it is important to carry out this test to find out whether pregnant women already have immunity to this virus. If not, pregnant women are advised to avoid contact with people infected with rubella.
HIV infection that causes AIDS in pregnant women can be transmitted to the fetus during pregnancy, during childbirth, or during breastfeeding.In Indonesia, all pregnant women in areas with a high number of HIV cases, or pregnant women with risky behaviors are recommended to undergo an HIV test.There is no need to worry or hesitate to take this test. The he alth facility where the HIV test is carried out will provide VCT services and ensure the confidentiality of the patient's status while undergoing HIV testing. If it turns out that the pregnant woman is HIV positive, medical treatment will be carried out to reduce the risk of transmitting HIV to the baby and prevent the development of HIV infection becoming more severe.
All pregnant women are advised to undergo syphilis screening, especially for those who have risky sexual behavior or signs of sexually transmitted diseases. Untreated syphilis can cause severe defects in the baby, even in more fatal cases, the baby can be born dead. If a pregnant woman is diagnosed with syphilis, the doctor will give penicillin antibiotics to treat the disease and prevent transmission of syphilis to the fetus.
Hepatitis B test
The hepatitis B virus can cause serious liver disease. Hepatitis B can be transmitted from mother to fetus during pregnancy. As a result, the baby has a high risk for long-term infection with the hepatitis virus and developing liver disease later in life.Therefore, pregnant women need to undergo blood tests to detect hepatitis B virus early, and receive treatment if the test results are positive. At birth, babies of mothers with hepatitis B need to receive hepatitis B immunization as soon as possible (no later than 12 hours after birth).
In addition, it is important to check your blood pressure every time you check with your midwife or doctor. An increase in blood pressure in late pregnancy can be a sign of preeclampsia. If preeclampsia is not treated, the consequences can be dangerous for both mother and fetus.
In order to maintain their he alth and the he alth of their fetus during pregnancy, pregnant women need to regularly take the time to conduct regular obstetrical examinations to the obstetrician.