About Cardiac Catheterization and its Possible Risks

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About Cardiac Catheterization and its Possible Risks
About Cardiac Catheterization and its Possible Risks

Cardiac catheterization is performed to diagnose and treat various heart problems. This procedure is safe and rarely causes complications. However, there are some risks that can occur due to cardiac catheterization

Cardiac catheterization is a procedure performed by inserting a long tube or catheter into a blood vessel which is then directed to the heart. This method of examination and treatment is carried out by a cardiologist.

About Cardiac Catheterization and its Possible Risks - Alodokter

The Purpose of Cardiac Catheterization

The doctor will recommend cardiac catheterization to determine the cause of symptoms such as chest pain or irregular heartbeat. In addition, cardiac catheterization is also performed for several purposes, namely:

  • Take a sample of heart muscle tissue to detect infections and tumors
  • Improved heart defects with minor surgery
  • Treating coronary heart disease
  • Detect and treat heart valve disease
  • Detect pulmonary hypertension
  • Evaluating the pressure and oxygen levels in the heart
  • Checking the strength of the heart muscle in pumping blood throughout the body
  • Checking for congenital heart disease in children

Steps of Cardiac Catheterization Procedure

The procedure for cardiac catheterization begins with administering a local anesthetic to the area of ​​the body where the catheter will be inserted, usually the wrist or groin, so that you stay awake during the procedure and can follow the doctor's directions without feeling pain.

However, general anesthesia is sometimes necessary, especially if you are going to undergo a heart valve repair or replacement procedure using the catheterization method.

Furthermore, the doctor will make a small hole in the vein in the arm or groin and insert a catheter and direct it towards the heart.

After that, the doctor will inject contrast fluid to make it easier for him to see the condition of your heart. If a heart problem has been detected and the cause is known, the doctor will determine the next treatment step.

There are several treatment steps that can be done through cardiac catheterization procedures, namely:

  • Cardio angiography, to find out whether you have a coronary artery disorder or not
  • Heart biopsy, to take a sample of heart tissue
  • Balloon valvuplasty, to repair narrowing of the heart valves
  • Coronary angioplasty, to widen the narrowed blood vessels
  • Thrombectomy, to overcome blockages due to clots in blood vessels

After the cardiac catheterization process is complete, you will be taken to the recovery room and the doctor can evaluate your condition. If you experience any symptoms, such as numbness or tingling in the anesthetized part of your body, contact your doctor immediately.

Risks of Cardiac Catheterization Procedure

Cardiac catheterization is generally safe to do. However, as with any other medical procedure, cardiac catheterization carries some risks, including:

  • Bleeding
  • Brush
  • Infection
  • Stroke
  • Blood Coagulation
  • kidney damage
  • Heart attack
  • Allergic reaction to contrast dye
  • Damage to arteries and heart tissue
  • Arrhythmias or heart rhythm disturbances
  • Emboli or entry of air into a blood vessel

Before undergoing a cardiac catheterization procedure, you also need to tell your doctor what medications you are taking. This is to prevent complications during and after cardiac catheterization.

After cardiac catheterization, you are not advised to do strenuous activities for several weeks. If you experience bleeding, severe pain, swelling, or fever after the procedure or while recovering, see your doctor immediately.

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