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Cardiopulmonary resuscitation is medical assistance to restore the ability to breathe and blood circulation that has stopped due to certain conditions or situations. This action needs to be done quickly and precisely as the first step to save someone's life
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) or also known as CPR is a first aid effort for people who experience respiratory and cardiac arrest for various reasons, such as a heart attack, accident, or drowning.
This action needs to be done as soon as possible, because the blood flow and respiratory system is stopped can cause brain damage and even death in just 4–6 minutes.
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Stage
Before performing CPR, there are several things you need to pay attention to. The first thing is to make sure the location is safe to help the victim. For example, if the victim is found in the middle of the road, it is better to move the victim to the sidewalk or roadside before giving CPR.
Next, check the victim's level of consciousness. You can try calling him out loud and gently patting his shoulder. If there is no response, try to see if the victim's chest or stomach moves up and down.
You can also place your finger in front of the victim's nostrils vertically to check for exhalation. After that, check the pulse on the victim's wrist or the side of the neck to make sure his heart is still beating.
If the victim does not show any response or remains unconscious, immediately contact medical personnel at 112 or the nearest hospital and perform CPR until help arrives.
The cardiopulmonary resuscitation technique is divided into three stages known as C-A-B (compression, airways, breathing). Here are the steps to do it:
Giving pressure or chest compressions (compression)
Chest compression is done by placing one hand on the center of the victim's chest and the other hand on top of the first hand.
Put pressure on the victim's chest 100–120 times per minute, at a rate of 1–2 pressures per second until medical help arrives or until the victim shows a response.
This stage is done when the victim does not show a response after being given chest compressions. To open the airway, you can raise the victim's head by placing your hand on his forehead, then slowly lift the victim's chin.
Providing breathing assistance
If the victim still does not show signs of breathing, the next step is to give artificial mouth-to-mouth or mouth-to-nose breaths if the victim's mouth is badly injured or difficult to open.
The first step of giving artificial respiration is to pinch the victim's nose, then position your mouth in the victim's mouth. Give two breaths or air from your mouth while observing whether the victim's chest looks like it is expanding and contracting like a person breathing.
If the victim has not shown any signs of breathing, try to correct the position of the neck or check again for obstruction in the airway. Next, repeat the chest compressions 30 times, interspersed with two rescue breaths.
If you have not received basic life support training or have not mastered how to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation, it is recommended that you perform assistance with chest compressions only (hands only CPR) without providing rescue breaths.
Chest compressions continue until medical assistance arrives or stop when the victim begins to breathe and shows movement.
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation is an emergency medical aid that needs to be done as soon as possible. Although it is very important, there are still many people who cannot or are afraid to do it because they feel they do not have sufficient expertise.
In fact, cardiopulmonary resuscitation can increase the chances of a person experiencing sudden cardiac arrest to survive and avoid brain damage and even death.
So, there is nothing wrong if you study cardiopulmonary resuscitation. This technique might be able to help you save someone's life when faced with an emergency situation.
In addition, make sure you continue to contact the medical staff even though the victim has regained consciousness after cardiopulmonary resuscitation so that he can receive further treatment from the doctor at the hospital.